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Publisher: ANONYMOUS
Title: ĹTosai Kairiku no Zuĺ [Route map of Japan from East to west by land and sea]
Published in: Japan, 1800 - 1830
Size: 10.6 x 315.0 inches.
27.0 x 800.0 cm.

In attractive strong original colours.
Condition: Horizontal scroll, pen and ink with water colours on rice paper. Presented in concertina form with paper covers, modern cloth case. Size of book block 270 x 120mm.
Condition Rating

A fascinating and rare 8 meters horizontal scroll painting illustrating the "Tosai Kairiku no Zu" being a route map of Japan from East to West by land and Sea. This type of road map is much rarer than maps of the so-called T˘kaid˘ Road which includes only the western part of the Japanese islands.
The scroll begins with the illustration of Edo Castle and ends with the port and city of Nagasaki.

A particularly fine calligraphy in Japanese ôkuzushiji, 崩し字", readable in our days only by specialists: an exceptional art work preserved in very good condition.

Undated, ca. 1800 - 1830, based on the date of name changes occurring in the indicated period of time.
Hundreds of name places portrayed, many of them no longer on modern maps because of name changes during the centuries.

The scroll begins with the illustration of Edo Castle, 江戸御城, the residence of the Tokugawa Sh˘gun until 1868. After the Meiji Restoration it became the Japanese Imperial Palace.

Distances between the named places are often given in Ri (1 Ri, 1 里, ca. 4 km). Castle towns, tea houses, (Ochaya, 御茶や), rivers, islands, bridges and mountains are portrayed and named on the road. Road travelers and a few small sailing boats on Japan's sea shore are also shown embellishing the scroll.

The first place named on the road is Atago, 愛宕, where a Shint˘ shrine with its characteristic red gate is shown. Then, attention is drawn to Z˘j˘ji, 増上寺, a Buddhist temple and to Shinagawa, 品川, the starting point of the famous T˘kaid˘ Road, connecting Edo with the Imperial Capital Ky˘to, immortalized by many novels and Hiroshige's beautiful prints showing the 53 stations where shelter was given to the travelers.

From the innumerable names on the scroll a selection of castle towns and important names follow here: Hakone, Hamamatsu, Yoshida, Okazaki, Nagoya, ďgaki, Sekigahara (the famous battlefield at the origin of the foundation of the Tokugawa Sh˘gunate), Hieiyama (with the main temple of the Buddhist Pure Land sect), Daibutsu, (the term often used for large statues of Buddha), Sanj˘ (the famous bridge in Ky˘to, corresponding to the 0 km, from which distances are measured from the imperial capital), Dairi (大裏, the Imperial Palace, Ky˘to), T˘ji, (東寺 or Eastern Temple, a Buddhist Temple of the Shingon sect in Ky˘to's centre.

Further names on the scroll are: Fukuoka, Kumamoto, Shimabara, (In the wake of the rebellion of Japanese Christians in 1637, the catholic religion was prohibited in Japan until 1850), Nagasaki (the single city open to trade with the Dutch merchants and the city from where western science was introduced to Japan), Hirado, 平戸, the beautiful island where the English merchants were staying between 1600 ľ 1613 and the Dutch until their transfer in 1639 to Dejima island in Nagasaki's, 長崎, port.

Literature: Chiba, Reiko. Hiroshige's Tokaido in Prints and Poetry. Tuttle. (1982) , Taganau, Jilly. The Tokai do Road: Travelling and Representation in Edo and Meiji Japan. Routledge Curzon (2004). Kadokawa Chimei Daijiten, 1970 ľ 1980.

map Thumbnail Catalogue  book Catalogue  Category:  Asia | Japan | Check Archive |

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ANONYMOUS - ĹTosai Kairiku no Zuĺ [Route map of Japan from East to west by land and sea]
ANONYMOUS - ĹTosai Kairiku no Zuĺ [Route map of Japan from East to west by land and sea] high resolution image of old map
Click image to zoom old map image

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Lot number: 46138

ANONYMOUS - ĹTosai Kairiku no Zuĺ [Route map of Japan from East to west by land and sea]

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