Browse Articles

If you are interested in the background of maps, prints, Medieval manuscripts or posters the following articles are of interest to you.
You may also check out our index of Map Makers and Explorers, Collecting Tips, Storage and Framing, HiBCoR Map Grading

We provide short articles about several subjects. We hope you enjoy reading them.


Read more about the backgrounds of some of the most important atlases published in the last 400 years.


Read more about the backgrounds Cobra group


Read more about the backgrounds of old maps. Maps come in different varieties like wall maps, road maps, sea charts, pictorial maps, etc.

town plans

Read more about the backgrounds of some of the town plans and views published in the last 400 years.


Sometimes, maps become more famous than their makers. Still, others make a famous map, then disappear from history forever. A list of some famous mapmakers and explorers.


Read more about map collecting and conservation


A grading system can help the starting map collector to set his focus.


Read more about the Pierre-Joseph Redouté, Honoré Daumier, Karl Bodmer, Currier and Ives, Basilius Besler flower prints, etc.


Read more about the history of poster art. Air France posters, propaganda posters, etc.

Dutch Overseas

Dutch traders settled from Deshima (Japan) to New Amsterdam (nowadays New York). In this section, we follow the VOC and WIC. We not only offer interesting short articles but also offer authentic artifacts for sale.


Read more about trading companies like the Dutch VOC, WIC, Ostend company and the British East India company


Decorated letters were embellished with geometric, foliate, and zoomorphic designs, or with mixed elements of all three. Historiated initials, deriving their name from the French "ystoire", served as frames that enclosed small figural or narrative scenes.


Although tulips are often associated with the Netherlands, commercial cultivation of the flower began in the Ottoman Empire. Tulips, or lale, (from Persian, lâleh) as they are also called in Iran and Turkey, comprise many species that together are indigenous to a vast area encompassing parts of Asia, Europe and north Africa. The word tulip, which earlier appeared in English in forms such as tulipa or tulipant, entered the language by way of French tulipe and its obsolete form tulipan or by way of Modern Latin tulipa, from Ottoman Turkish tülbend ("muslin" or "gauze"), and is ultimately derived from Persian dulband ("turban").

Folding fans

The Mandarin fan as an export article was mentioned in Europe as early as. It was during the mid-19th century that Europe was fairly flooded with export Mandarin fans. They were exported to Europe until the late 19th century, albeit deteriorating in quality.

Medieval Manuscripts

The medieval Book of Hours evolved out of the monastic cycle of prayer which divided the day into eight segments, or "hours". By the early fifteenth century, the format of the Book of Hours had developed to satisfy the demands of private, as opposed to communal, devotion.

Speculative bubbles - The First financial crisis.

Speculation in shares was known as 'the Bubble', and the trade was known as "Wind-Handel" and "Wind-Negotie." The three bubbles- The South Sea Bubble, The Mississippi Buble and the Dutch Bubble, started at different times but burst at about the same time: September 1720.