Carte von West=Gallizien welche auf allerhöchsten Befehl Seiner Kaiserlich oesterreichischen und Königlich apostolischen Majestät in den Jahren 1801 bis 1804. . .
$2500 / ≈ €2173
In mint condition with original slipcase.
The map is the first systematic scientific survey of the region, undertaken by the Austrian government at a time when the systematic survey of large regions was becoming a military and political imperative in Europe.
Benedicti's map is based upon an Austrian Survey of the region between 1801 and 1804, conducted under the leadership of Anton Mayer von Heldensfeld (1764-1842), a military officer under Archduke Charles of Austria (1771- 1847).
Unusual issue WITHOUT DATE: Usually, the map bears a date of 1808, and it seems the date was removed from the copper plate at publishing.
The map was, in fact, prepared between May 1808 and the Summer of 1811, such that by the time the last sheets were completed, Benedicti had died. Western Galicia was no longer a part of Austria.
West Galicia was an administrative region of the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy, constituted from the territory annexed in the course of the Third Partition of Poland in 1795. After the failed Uprising of 1794, Emperor Francis II of Habsburg agreed with Empress Catherine II of Russia to again divide and thereby completely abolish the remaining Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, which Prussia joined on October 24, 1795.
Austria, which had not participated in the Second Partition, received a share that comprised the lands north of the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria gained in the First Partition of 1772. Habsburg then occupied whole Lesser Poland, stretching along the upper Vistula river to the outskirts of Praga and Warsaw, the tributaries of Bug and Pilica forming the northern border with New East Prussia. Source : raremaps.com
According to Dörflinger, "Bei der Veröffentlichung der Karten von Westgalizien – das durch die 3. Polnische Teilung (1795) erworbene Gebiet war zwischen 1801 und 1804 aufgenommen worden – schlug man einen anderen Weg ein: Der Kupferstich wurde‚ auf eigene aerarialische Kosten‘ durchgeführt, und nur der Druck sowie der Vertrieb (inklusive Werbung) des Werkes dem Freiherrn von Liechtenstern übertragen… hingegen wurde jedes Exemplar von einem‚ kontrollierenden Herrn Officier' mit einem Stempel des Generalquartiermeister-Stabes versehen. Entgegen der Ankündigung vom Frühjahr 1808, daß die Karte‚ unfehlbar binnen 9 Monaten vollendet seyn‘ werde, zog sich die Herausgabe der zwölfblättrigen Carte von West=Gallizien … - vermutlich wegen des Anfang Januar 1809 erfolgten Todes des Kupferstechers Hieronimus Benedicti – von Mai 1808 bis Sommer 1811 hin, so daß die letzten Sektionen erst zu einem Zeitpunkt erschienen, als Westgalizien bereits seit mehr als eineinhalb Jahren nicht mehr zu Österreich gehörte".
Reference: Dörflinger, Österreichische Karten des frühen 19. Jahrhunderts, p 750/1.
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