Sevilla, Hispalis ... [on sheet with] Cadiz [and] Malaga.
$300 / ≈ €259
Estimate: $450 - $550
Bidder pays on top of the hammer price:
"In upper part Seville, showing the city from the southeast, seen at a distance from the far side of the Guadalquivir, from land now occupied by the Barrio de Triana. Visible on the right side of the city is the Castillio, which has caught on fire, the fortress with its many towers was then the seat of the Inquisition. On the left bank of the river, opposite the Castillio, lies the Torre del Oro, further left is the Alcazar, whose originally Almohad architecture was remodeled in the Mudéjar style in the 14th century. Rising above the city center is the Gothic cathedral (Yglesia maior), which houses the tomb of Columbus. The tall bell tower, called the "Giralda", was formerly a minaret and is today one of the city's landmarks. Seville profited greatly from trade with the New World. From 1537 fleets laden with wine, salt, corn, pottery and silk sailed regularly between the continents" (Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.50.)
CADIZ : Cadiz is shown in cavalier perspective. Vestiges of the Moorish settlement that flourished here from the 8th to the 13th century can be seen in the center of the fortified town: the large church, whose place is today occupied by the 18th-century cathedral, and the fortress. Particular emphasis is placed upon the fishing industry, from which the town lived before it became a major center of trade. In the 16th century Cadiz served as the "gateway to America": Columbus embarked upon his second and fourth expeditions from Cadiz harbour. The town later became the home port of the Spanish treasure fleet - and thereby found itself at the center of Spain's military activities. From 1537 onwards maritime trade with the New World assumed a more organized form, with a treasure fleet sailing annually between Cadiz, Seville and the colonies. Cadiz's most important export was salt." (Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.50.)
MALAGA : "The illustration focuses in particular upon the harbour and thus upon the town's associated importance as a center of trade. Malaga's occupation by the Moors, which lasted over 700 years and ended only in 1487, in the wake of the Reconquista by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella, is reflected in the large 11th-century Moorish fortress complex." (Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.50.)
From volume one of the greatest publication in this genre!. The Civitates was compiled and written by George Braun, Canon of Cologne Cathedral. Braun gathered together vast amounts of information and draft plans to produce over 500 city views/maps published in six parts between 1572 and 1617. Most of these engravings were made by Simon Novellanus and Frans Hogenberg, many after drawings by Joris Hoefnagel.
Read more about the Civitates Orbis.
Reference: Koeman (1967-70) B & H 1-5, NMM III, i, 459 (1573-1618 ed.), Introduction', in: G. Braun and F. Hogenberg, Civitates orbis terrarum (Amsterdam: 1965). (2)
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