(Mer Noire ou Maieure, Pont Euxin.)
$500 / ≈ €435
The map is of particular interest because it shows in a pictorial way the exodus of Tatars to Poland. In the upper part we find the text "Passage des Tartarres a la nage" and a road "Route des petits Tartares en Pologne".
The map is part of a 4-sheet map entitled Le Cours du Danube dédié au Roy (The Danube watercourse dedicated to the King), and dated 1703.
Placide de Sainte-Helene (1649-1734), was geographer to the Kings Louis XIV and XV. He was also the brother-in-law of Pierre Duval. The map comes from the atlas 'Cartes de geographie', published in Paris between 1686-1704.
From the 13th to 17th centuries various groups of Tatars settled and/or found refuge within the Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth. This was promoted especially by the Grand Dukes of Lithuania, because of their reputation as skilled warriors. The Tatar settlers were all granted szlachta (nobility) status, a tradition that was preserved until the end of the Commonwealth in the 18th century.
They included the Lipka Tatars (13th–14th centuries) as well as Crimean and Nogay Tatars (15th–16th centuries), all of which were notable in Polish military history, as well as Volga Tatars (16th–17th centuries). They all mostly settled in the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, lands that are now in Lithuania and Belarus. (source : Wikipedia).
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