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GOTTFRIED, J.L. / DE BRY. - [Fort Caroline] / [Indians worship the stone column].

GOTTFRIED, J.L. / DE BRY. -  [Fort Caroline] / [Indians worship the stone column].
[Fort Caroline] / [Indians worship the stone column]. - GOTTFRIED, J.L. / DE BRY.
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Title : [Fort Caroline] / [Indians worship the stone column]..
Map maker : GOTTFRIED, J.L. / DE BRY..
Date : Frankfurt, M.Merian, 1633.
Size : 6.1 x 7.9 inches. / 15.5 x 20.0 cm.
Colouring : Uncoloured.

Description :Two engravings. [375] When this fort was completed, the French named it Fort Caroline. The sides facing westward were defended by a ditch and ramparts built up with soil and turf to the height of nine feet. The side nearest the river was built up with planks and brushwood, with the top two or three feet of the wall built up with sods of earth.
Inside the fort was a quadrangle eighteen yards long and wide for the soldiers’ quarters.
One of the buildings was too high and blew down because of the wind. There was also a granary and Laudonnière’s house was next to the river. It had a porch all round and a front door which opened into the fort and a rear door onto the river.
An oven was set a safe distance outside the fort so as to reduce the risk of fire. (On a slightly smaller scale than the original fort, this engraving formed the basis for the design and construction of the present day National Park building at Fort Caroline, near Jacksonville).

[373] The French, under the command of Captain Laudonnière, on their second voyage to Florida in 1564, went ashore with twenty-five arquebusiers and were greeted by many friendly Indians.
Among them was chief Atore who lived about four or five miles inland. After exchanging various presents and tokens of friendship the chief asked Laudonnière most fervently to go along with him to see something special. Because Atore was accompanied by a great number of his subjects, the French went with them in some trepidation.
He took them to an island where, on a little hill, Ribaut had erected the stone column engraved with the coat of arms of the King of France. As they approached, the French realised the Indians were treating the stone as an idol. Even the chief himself was as respectful to it as his subjects were to him.
After kissing the column his subjects followed, then he encouraged the French to do likewise. Before the stone were several gifts of local fruits and roots that were either good to eat or useful medically. Also there were dishes of fragrant oils and bows and arrows. Also it was clad in garlands of flowers and branches of the finest trees.
After witnessing the behavior of these poor people, the French returned to their comrades, eagerly planning where best to build a fort. Chief Atore was a handsome man, clever, well mannered, strong and tall, about a foot and a half taller than any of the French and of such sincerity that he appeared almost divine. He had taken his mother as his wife and had several sons and daughters by her, who appeared when he slapped his thighs. After marrying his mother, his father, Satouriona, did not touch her any more.

In 1631 Johann Ludwig Gottfried, inherited the Theodor De Bry’s publishing firm, among the illustrated accounts of the expeditions of Magellan, Columbus, Vespucci, Cortes, Balboa, Raleigh, Drake, Smith, and many others.
Gottfried issued together with Matthaeus Merian a one-volume condensation "Newe Welt Vnd Americanische Historien/ Jnhaltende Warhafftige vnd volkommene Beschreibungen Aller West-Jndianischen Landschafften..." that used many of the original copper plates and supplemented them with new ones of more recent voyages. The book was published by Matthaeus Merian. The work was reprinted in 1655 / 1657.

More about Johann Ludwig Gottfried. [+] FL / GA / SC 373-375
Condition : Copper plate engraving on text sheet. Paper lightly browned and stained, as is usual. One border lightly cropped. One engraving with a crude white tape repair to upper right corner.
Size of sheet: 345 x 222 mm. German text and on verso.

ID: 41089

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