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Publisher: BRAUN, G. / HOGENBERG, F.
Title: Calechut Celeberrimum Indiae Emporium.
Published in: Cologne, ca 1580
   
Size: 7.3 x 18.5 inches.
18.5 x 47.0 cm.
Colouring:

Uncoloured.
Condition: In good condition, dark impression, bottom border slim.
Condition Rating

An excellent view of Calcut, or as it known today, Kozhikode. It was dubbed the 'City of Spices' for its role as the major trading point of Indian spices.
A historic city, it was the capitol of an independent kingdom ruled by the Samoothiris (Zamorinas) in the middle ages. It is seen from the sea various merchant ships in foreground, together with local craft men are fishing from the beach, beyond which you see the town, numerous palm trees lining coast and mountains in the background.
A wealthy man is carried about in mounted chair along beach, to the right a ship is being constructed while a man standing on an elephant watches over the construction. This is only the top half of the plate only illustrated in G. Braun and Franz Hogenberg's famous "Civitates Orbis Terrarum" after Joris Hoefnagel.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum (Atlas of Cities of the World) by Hogenberg was the second oldest printed atlas in the history of the world cartography, and the first atlas of towns. Its principal creators and authors were the theologist and editor Georg Braun, the most important engraver and publisher Franz Hogenberg, the engraver Simon van den Neuvel, the artist and draftsman Georg (Joris) Hoefnagel, the topographer Jacob van Deventer and others.
Although published outside the Netherlands, the Civitates is, nevertheless, one of the best examples of the work of the Antwerp school of cartographers. Some of the key figures in the school were Abraham Ortelius, Gerardus Mercator, and a number of other geographers. The Civitates reflects the Flemish style of engraving which was typical of Dutch atlases of the period. In addition, the correspondence between Braun, Hogenberg, and Ortelius contains clear indications that the idea to create the atlas was formulated by them in Antwerp.

The town is usually placed on the background, while on the foreground is the description of its surrounding countryside and the depictions of typical inhabitants of the town in every detail. These visual representations of people served for not only augmenting the contents of the maps but also for another purpose. The pages of Braun and Hogenberg's Civitates were illustrated with figures of local inhabitants to prevent the maps from being used by the Turks for military goals, since Islam forbids images of humans.




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BRAUN, G. / HOGENBERG, F. - Calechut Celeberrimum Indiae Emporium.
BRAUN, G. / HOGENBERG, F. - Calechut Celeberrimum Indiae Emporium. high resolution image of old map
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For more than 40 years we have been selling genuine old maps, atlases, prints, posters. Every item on this site is clearly dated and priced and was engraved on copper, unless otherwise stated.

Measurements exclude the margins and are provided in both millimeters and inches, with height given first.
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BRAUN, G. / HOGENBERG, F. - Calechut Celeberrimum Indiae Emporium.
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