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Publisher: GYGER, Hans Conrad.
Title: Helvetiae Rhaetiae et Valesiae caeterorumque confoederatorum ut & finitimorum populorum tabula geographica et hydrographica nova & exacta / operā & studio Ioh. Conradi G˙geri, Helv. Tigurini delineata ; & ą Conrado Me˙ero in ęs incisa anno Christi 1657
Published in: Zürich, 1657
   
Size: 21.7 x 29.5 inches.
55.0 x 75.0 cm.
Colouring:

In original colours.
Condition: As with practically all of the known specimen of this famous map, there are different imperfections, especially in the outer part containing figures and coats of arm. This is probably due to the fact that this map was used as a geographical tool and not conceived for decoration purposes.
So, objects which were indeed in daily use (like, e.g., globes) were subject to a larger damages than the ones just occasionally used (in atlases etc.).
Nevertheless, the proper geographical part of this map is relatively well preserved. Attached on linen.

Condition Rating

The Gyger map of Switzerland, in its first edition of 1657, represented a revolution for the representation of the region: new methods were developed by Gyger in order to obtain a realistic description of the mountain areas.
The map is very detailed in a scale of about 1: 500,000, and was engraved by Johann Conrad Meyer.
A second edition, much more common was printed in 1683
Hans Conrad Gyger (1599–1674) was a painter, mathematician, surveyor and cartographer active in Zurich. Gyger was the first to systematically survey a larger area in Switzerland. Gyger reached a fundamental progress by displaying mountains – until then drawn in template-like side views – as elevations of mass. Thus continuous mountain ranges and valleys seen from oblique forward became apparent, not unlike today’s bird’s-eye-view-maps. Gyger also finished other more traditional maps of Switzerland.

Gygers map of 1657 was afterwards used by other European publishers as Nicolas Visscher (1658) and the French publisher/cartographers Nicolas Sanson d'Abbeville (1667) and Alexis-Hubert Jaillot (1693).
Printed from two two plates and joined and attached on linen for display on the wall or protective reason.

This map represents one of the most sought-after maps of Switzerland. There are just three examples recorded, all in Institutional collections. This is the only known example in original colouring, making it even more precious.
See: Universitätsbibliothek Basel, UBH Kartenslg Schw A 103.
Universitätsbibliothek Basel, VB A2:1:21a
Universitätsbibliothek Bern, MUE Kart 393 : 21.

None have been registered in auctions in the past few decades.
Reference: Blumer, Walter. - Bibliographie der Gesamtkarten der Schweiz von Anfang bis 1802. - Bern, 1957, Nr. 113; Haller, Gottlieb Emanuel von. - Bibliothek der Schweizer-Geschichte . - Bern, 1785-1788, Bd. 1, Nr. 113.



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GYGER, Hans Conrad. - Helvetiae Rhaetiae et Valesiae caeterorumque confoederatorum ut & finitimorum populorum tabula geographica et hydrographica nova & exacta / operā & studio Ioh. Conradi G˙geri, Helv. Tigurini delineata ; & ą Conrado Me˙ero in ęs incisa anno Christi 1657
GYGER, Hans Conrad. - Helvetiae Rhaetiae et Valesiae caeterorumque confoederatorum ut & finitimorum populorum tabula geographica et hydrographica nova & exacta / operā & studio Ioh. Conradi G˙geri, Helv. Tigurini delineata ; & ą Conrado Me˙ero in ęs incisa anno Christi 1657 high resolution image of old map
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Measurements exclude the margins and are provided in both millimeters and inches, with height given first.
Colour was done by hand. 'Original colours' means that the item was coloured at, or about, the time of it's original publication. When the term 'Coloured' appears, it means that the map was more recently coloured, likely in this century or at the end of last century.
A colour code is used help and we use a condition rating system. help
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  Please note that if the condition report does not show any remarks about splits, tears, discolouration, etc. this means there are none to be found in the item described. Splits, tears, discolouration and other defects are carefully noted. In addition we use a condition rating system help
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Lot number: 97790

GYGER, Hans Conrad. - Helvetiae Rhaetiae et Valesiae caeterorumque confoederatorum ut & finitimorum populorum tabula geographica et hydrographica nova & exacta / operā & studio Ioh. Conradi G˙geri, Helv. Tigurini delineata ; & ą Conrado Me˙ero in ęs incisa anno Christi 1657
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