Monument consacré a la posterité en memoire de la folie incroyable de la XX. année du XVIII. siecle. Ter eeuwiger gedagtenisse der dwaasheid van het XX. jaar der XVIII. eeuw. - ANONYMOUS
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Title : Monument consacré a la posterité en memoire de la folie incroyable de la XX. année du XVIII. siecle. Ter eeuwiger gedagtenisse der dwaasheid van het XX. jaar der XVIII. eeuw..
Map maker : ANONYMOUS.
Date : Amsterdam, 1720.
Size : 11.1 x 14.7 inches. / 28.1 x 37.3 cm.
Colouring : Uncoloured.
Description :Monument consecrated to posterity in memory of the unbelievable folly of the 20th year of the 18th century.
A caricature in prose and verse satirizing the first truly international speculative crisis in the history of financial capitalism, the "Mississippi scheme" (1718-1720) of the French Compagnie d'Occident and the speculations its stock that led to the complete ruin of many of its over-eager French, Dutch and English shareholders.
Engraved by Bernard Picart (1673-1733).
A caricature in prose and verse satirizing the disastrous Mississippi scheme (1718-1720) of the French Compagnie d'Occident and the speculations its stock that led to the complete ruin of many of its over-eager French, Dutch and English shareholders.
John Law (1671-1729), the son of an Edinburgh banker and successful financier who established the Banque Générale in France in 1715, founded the Compagnie de l'Occident for the exploitation of the resources of French Louisiana after Antoine Crozat had surrendered his charter in 1717. Law's reputation caused the stock to sell readily, and the organization soon enlarged the scope of its activities by absorbing other commercial companies, its name than being changed to the 'Company of the Indies'. Enormous profits were anticipated...and the increasing demand for its stock led to wild speculation. The anticipated immense and immediate profits were not realized, and soon the scheme revealed itself as a purely speculative venture. In 1720 the company failed, the 'bubble' bust, and the stockholders lost their entire investment, many being completely ruined.
You may read more about "Het Groote Tafereel der Dwaasheid", or "The Great Mirror of Folly" or view several of the seventy-four plates from this book.
Concise Dictionary of American History, NY: Scribner's, 1962,pp. 617-18).
Condition : Cut on plate mark, with some spotting and two water stains in upper left corner. Good and dark impression.
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