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Lot number: 33680
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Estimate: $ 400 - 500
Starting bid$ 200 
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GRADING
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Beauty
Condition
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Publisher: BRAUN,G. / HOGENBERG, F.
Title: Parma [on sheet with] Sena [and] Panhormus, Palermo vulgariter, ... [and] Drepanum (Trapani)
Published: Cologne, (1572) 1577

Size: 14.3 x 18.5 inches.
36.2 x 47.0 cm.
Colouring: In original colours.
Condition:  Latin text on verso. Some marginal tumbling and some very light toning in center fold. Old repair of small split in lower part center fold, 2cm. into engraved area. In very attractive original colouring.
 Condition Rating

Four very desirable and early town-plans of Parma, Siena, Palermo and Trapani.
"PARMA : "Parma is shown from an elevated viewpoint. The city is divided in half by the Parma: on the right-hand side the eye is struck by the imposing domed Romanesque cathedral of the Ascension of the Virgin with the Baptistery behind it. Behind the apse of the cathedral stands the church of San Giovanni Evangelista, whose cupola is decorated inside with the fresco cylce of the Vision of St John of Patmos by Correggio.
In the first half of the 15th century Parma formed part of the Papal States, until the Farnese pope Paul III created the Duchy of Parma in 1545, after which is was ruled by the Farnese dynasty until 1731. In the right-hand foreground is the Palazzo Ducale, remodeled in 1561 for Ottavio Farnese." . (Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.118.)

SIENA : "Siena is seen from afar, whereby its skyline of family towers gives an immediate impression of the self-confidence of a populace that found itself in artistic and economic competition with Florence and politically dependent upon Milan or the Emperor.
Siena cathedral (right) with its black and white marble is an outstanding example of the Gothic style in central Italy. Opposite lies the pilgrims' hospice, Santa Maria della Scala, founded around 1000, containing important 15th-century frescos. Secular power is represented by the Palazzo Pubblico with its all-overshadowing Torre del Mangia. In 1557 Siena became part of the Grand Duchy of Tuscany under Cosimo I de' Medici. The Palio di Siena, a horse race between the city wards, takes place on the Piazza del Campo in July and August. .". (Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.118.)

PALERMO : "Rising above the harbour is the massive cathedral of Maria Santissima Assunta, built in the Norman-Arab style in the 12th century and continually expanded from the 14th to the 16th century. The plate records its appearance in the mid-16th century with four corner towers and with Gothic spires. The crypt contains the tombs of the Hohenstaufen emperors Henry VI and Frederick II. Within Sicily's eventful history, the Hohenstaufens were responsible for a flowering of the arts in Palermo from 1194. The French occupying forces and Sicilian Vespers mentioned in the cartouche refer to the bloody uprising by the Sicilians against the rule of Charles I of Anjou, whom the Pope had appointed King of Sicily in 1266.". (Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.118.)

TRAPANI : "on the west coast of Sicily, is shown from the sea, whereby the curved natural harbour explains the name of the town (Gr. Drepanum, "sickle"). A strategic base for the Carthaginians in the First Punic War, in 241 BC Trapani was conquered by the Romans. With the arrival of the Arabs in the 9th century, the town saw an economic upswing.
In 1266 it came under the rule of Charles I of Anjou and then passed to the Kingdom of Aragon. In the 15th century it rose to become western Sicily's most important port, a position it has retained right up to the present." . (Taschen, Braun and Hogenberg, p.118.)

From volume one of the greatest publication in this genre!. The Civitates was compiled and written by George Braun, Canon of Cologne Cathedral. Braun gathered together vast amounts of information and draft plans to produce over 500 city views/maps published in six parts between 1572 and 1617. Most of these engravings were made by Simon Novellanus and Frans Hogenberg, many after drawings by Joris Hoefnagel.

Read more about the Civitates Orbis.


Reference: Koeman (1967-70) B & H 1-5, NMM III, i, 459 (1573-1618 ed.), Introduction', in: G. Braun and F. Hogenberg, Civitates orbis terrarum (Amsterdam: 1965). (2).

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