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Publisher: APIANUS, Petrus / FRISIUS, Gemma.
Title: Cosmographie, ou description des quatre parties du Monde…
Published in: Antwerp, Jean Bellere, a l'Aigle d'Or, 1581
   
Size: 9.6 x 6.8 inches.
24.5 x 17.2 cm.
Coloring:

Uncoloured.
Condition: 4to. [12], 5-322 pp. Old vellum binding restored. Inside some browning, some water staining at lower right corner throughout, with a few contemporary marginalia. Lacking pp. 323-33 and volvelles p.22.
Condition Rating

Fourth French edition (first French collective edition), considerably enlarged with the double-page truncated cordiform world map "Charte cosmographique", in use since 1553 printed from the second block according to Shirley 96. Illustrated with 110 woodcuts in the text, 4 of which with volvelles (volvelles lacking p. 22).

The folding world map (290x210mm.) is based on the larger map prepared by Gemma Frisius and published from Louvain in 1540, but which has now been lost. North America is labelled 'Baccalearium' in reference to the cod fishing nearby.
The map is one of the earliest obtainable world maps not based upon the works of Ptolemy. The map is a reduced version of Apianius’s celebrated cordiform world map "Charta Cosmographica" after Waldseemuller’s map of 1507.
The map includes a Northwest passage, above which is a fascinating Asian projection. The narrow Straits of Magellan represent the only passage between South America and an understated Southern Continent.

A 'truncated' cordiform projection is used which prevents the south polar regions being represented. The map is highly decorative but also an important milestone in the history of cartography as it is one of the earliest maps to show a representation of America, or the name itself. North America is depicted as a narrow stretch of land extending almost eastwards. Cuba and Hispaniola are shown as huge islands and the Mountains of the Moon considered the source of the River Nile.

The map is bordered by signs of the zodiac and the Ptolemaic climatic zones. Zeus and Mars, wearing the coats of arms of Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor, are shown atop the map while wind-heads at the south represent the traditional believed plague-bearing nature of those winds.

Apianus was professor of mathematics, holding chairs at Ingolstadt and Innsbruck, and a great astronomer. These skills combined with his interest in geography led to the establishment of his own printing press in Landshut.

Reference: Shirley, The Mapping of the World, # 96



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APIANUS, Petrus / FRISIUS, Gemma. -  Cosmographie, ou description des quatre parties du Monde…
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Lot number: 45061

APIANUS, Petrus / FRISIUS, Gemma. - Cosmographie, ou description des quatre parties du Monde…
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Approx. Euro 4,200  

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