Auction or Gallery status
User login

Forgot your password or username?

Shop Catalogue

Publisher: Stanislaw MAX.
Title: Mapa Polski i Krajów Osciennych - Wydanie trzecie. Opracowal Stanislaw Max. Wydani M. Arcta.
Published in: Warsaw, [H. Sklodowski], 1918
Size: 38.2 x 39.4 inches.
97.0 x 100.0 cm.

Printed colour.
Condition: Chromolithograph mounted on original linen, with original red cloth edging, with additional hand-made blue colouring. Soft folds with small tears and tiny loss of image, slightly dusty, otherwise in a good condition.
Condition Rating

‘The Birth of Modern Poland on a map’ - an excellent wall map of Poland and surrounding regions, published in Warsaw near the end of World War I, when Poland’s fate was unknown and its boundaries undefined - however, the present example is uniquely augmented with manuscript shading, defining the re-born independent Polish state with its full 1922 borders.

This fine wall map of Poland and surrounding regions was drafted by Stanislaw Max and published in Warsaw in 1918, near the end of World War I. The Polish language map provides excellent topographic detail of a vast region extending from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea, as well as labeling all major towns and roads.
As the boundaries in the region were then in state of flux, the printed map labels the approximate locations of countries and regions, but is intentionally unclear as to the locations of most international boundaries, especially that of Poland (which in 1918 was under German occupation, but would soon be liberated by wars of independence).

Importantly, the present example of the map is uniquely augmented in manuscript, in outlining and shading in green crayon, in order to showcase the territory of the Second Polish Republic, the first truly independent Polish state formed since 1795, with its borders as confirmed by treaties in 1922. In this sense, the map brilliantly showcases the birth of modern Poland.

The Rebirth of Poland: The end of World War I (1914-8) hailed the rebirth of Poland as an independent state, after generations of foreign subjugation. In 1795, following the last of the three Partitions of the once mighty Kingdom of Poland, the nation ceased to exist as an independent entity, its territory being divided between Prussia, Russia and the Austrian Hapsburg Empire. While the Prussians and Austrians more or less absorbed the parts of Poland in their possession into their empires, the Russians set up the state of Congress Poland, which in reality was only a puppet state of Russia. While a part of Poland briefly held some autonomy as a French client state, known as the Duchy of Warsaw, from 1807 to 1815, and Polish Rebellions against Russian rule in Congress Poland occurred in 1830-1 and 1863-4, Polish independence remained elusive.

To make a long story short, during World War I, Germany had the upper hand over Russia on the Eastern front, overrunning the Polish lands and extending its occupation into Russian territory beyond Minsk. The new Soviet regime in Russia sued for peace, and signed the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk (March 3, 1918) with Germany. This placed the new border between Germany and Russia along the ‘Brest-Litovsk Line’, which ran to the east of Lublin, Bialystok and Vilnius. The majority of Polish lands were thus under German control, with a portion in the south remaining under Austro-Hungarian rule.

However in the month leading up to Germany and Austria-Hungary’s final surrender to the Western Allies on November 11, 1918, Austro-German control over much the Polish lands disintegrated. Polish leaders declared their intention to declare an independent Polish state, a move that would be supported by the Western Allies at the Treaty of Versailles deliberations. However, the Polish leadership knew that this move would be hotly contested by Poland’s neighbors, and so it organized rapid and effective military conscription and mobilization. Poland would have to fight on several fronts, for both its survival and to obtain the geographical boundaries it desired, resulting in a series of relatively short, sharp wars.

In what became known as the Greater Poland Uprising (1918-1919), Poles in the former Grand Duchy of Posen (Poznan) overthrew German rule, resulting in the region becoming Polish territory. During the Polish-Ukrainian War (1918-19), Polish forces gained control of Galicia and Bukovina. Following the Poland-Czechoslovakia War (1919), the small area of Cieszyn Silesia was divided between the two belligerents.

Most importantly, during the Polish-Soviet War (1919-21), Poland fought an epic struggle against Soviet Russia, which seesawed back and forth, but ended in a Polish victory. This saw the Polish-Soviet border placed far to the east, leaving Poland in possession of large portions of modern Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine, plus all of today’s Central and Eastern Poland. The new, internationally recognized independent Polish Republic comprised 387,000 km˛ (149,422 sq. mi.) of territory, with a population of over 27 million.

The manuscript additions of the 1922 boundaries of Poland on the present were likely added as the boundary settlement was still breaking news, and before printed maps of the new boundaries were available. Thus, the new Polish state was cartographically born upon the present map.

The printed map was designed by Stanislaw Max and although the map’s title used the pseudonym of ‘M. Arct’ for the publisher, the map is known to have been printed by the firm of H. Sklodowski in Warsaw. It is the third of five editions of the map that were printed between 1916 and 1920. The geography is based upon the best information, largely from the Polish Geographical Institute. The Max-Sklodowski series is considered to represent amongst the finest maps of Poland made during the critical period of the nation’s revival.

map Thumbnail Catalogue  book Catalogue  Category:  Europe | Poland general | Check Archive |

Click image to zoom old map image
Stanislaw MAX. -  Mapa Polski i Krajów Osciennych - Wydanie trzecie. Opracowal Stanislaw Max. Wydani M. Arcta.
Stanislaw MAX. - Mapa Polski i Krajów Osciennych - Wydanie trzecie. Opracowal Stanislaw Max. Wydani M. Arcta. high resolution image of old map
Click image to zoom old map image

For more than 40 years we have been selling genuine old maps, atlases, prints, posters. Every item on this site is clearly dated and priced and was engraved on copper, unless otherwise stated.

Measurements exclude the margins and are provided in both millimeters and inches, with height given first.
Color was done by hand. 'Original colors' means that the item was colored at, or about, the time of it's original publication. When the term 'Colored' appears, it means that the map was more recently colored, likely in this century or at the end of last century.
A color code is used help and we use a condition rating system. help
In addition, we have created a unique HiBCOR grading system which we believe can assist all collectors in forming a collection. Please take the time to read this.

Certificate of authenticity Warranty
We warranty the authenticity of each map, print, atlas, poster or medieval manuscript described in this catalogue. Our warranty means that there is no time limitation to our guarantee of authenticity and if there is ever discovered that something bought here is not authentic, your money will be returned. We stand by what we sell.
- We try to carefully note any splits, tears, discoloration or other defects and to assist buyers we use a condition rating system that can be found here: help
  Please note that if the condition report does not show any remarks about splits, tears, discoloration, etc. this means there are none to be found in the item described. Splits, tears, discoloration and other defects are carefully noted. In addition we use a condition rating system help
 As a general rule we try to offer maps of a high quality standard

- A certificate of authenticity is provided for each acquired map, print, atlas, poster or medieval manuscript.

- The items in the Fixed-sale catalog are available for immediate purchase without any commission charged.
- Generally, sales are not subject to VAT or Sales Tax; however, we are required by law to add 7% sales tax to the bill of buyers from within the state of Florida.
- There is a shipping fee of $25 per combined shipment (we are happy to combine all your purchases foreach sale into one package) and this one fee will also include handling and insurance.

- We accept checks, Visa, Mastercard, PayPal, and bank transfers.

Click for more details about buying in fix sale gallery, or bidding at auction.
Many answers are likely to find in help section.

Paulus Swaen Internet Auction
is the first internet auction specializing in old maps, Medieval manuscripts and prints. It is a unique place for buying and selling antique maps, atlases, books, and medieval manuscripts.
We are in the map business for 40 years! more
Lot number: 40262

Stanislaw MAX. - Mapa Polski i Krajów Osciennych - Wydanie trzecie. Opracowal Stanislaw Max. Wydani M. Arcta.

Price :$ 1,250
Approx. Euro 1,050  

This item is available for immediate sale.
Click here to continue.
How to buyhelp
Inquire about this Item.

H!BCoR*** help

 Add to my gallery  
Like this item?
Thinking about buying later on?
Or just create a virtual collection !
With Wishlist you can collect all
Your Favorite maps in one place
by simply pressing a button!
[ Read More ]


Buy this item Price : $ 1,250

How to buy this item
No commission is charged. Shipping fee is $25 per combined shipment, including handling and insurance.
Click on 'Buy it now' button and fill in your name and email address. In the comment field please ad I would like to buy this item or any other question you might have.
We will contact you again within 24 hours. (more)