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Publisher: DELISLE, G.
Title: L'Asie. Dressee sur les observations de l'Academie [Royale] des Sciences et quelques autres, et sur les memoires les plus recens. Par G. de l'Isle, Geographe. A Paris, chez l'Auteur Rue des Canettes préz de St. Sulpice. . .
Published in: Paris, 1700
   
Size: 17.7 x 23.0 inches.
45.0 x 58.4 cm.
Colouring:

In original o/l colours.
Condition: A good and strong impression. Paper slightly spotted. Else in very good condition.
Condition Rating

A first edition of this important map of Asia, by Guillaume Delisle with his address "Rue des Canettes". . Title cartouche by: N. Guerard, inv. et fecit.
This map is typical for Guillaume de L'Isle cartography where the coastline of north eastern Siberia between Novaya Zemlya and Terre de Yeco is left blank. Notable for depiction of Hokkaido, here called "Terre D'Yeco" and joined to the mainland.
With "Terre de la Compagnie". DeLisle is important as the first "scientific" cartographer who incorporated the most current information on exploration and topography into his maps.

The map is of interest for the use of Mer Orientale for the sea between Korea and Japan.

Guillaume De L’Isle’s first printing shop was established on the "Rue des Canettes pres de St. Sulpice" in Paris. This address appears only on editions of maps dated 1700-1707. This map dated 1700 is one of the few examples of maps and globes who were printed at the "Rue des Canettes" shop. Most examples of his work were issued from the address where De L’Isle moved in 1707, the "Quai de L’Horloge".
A map of Piedmont dated 1707 informs us that by that date De L'Isle had moved to the "Quai de l'Horloge à la Couronne de Diamans". The latest date on a map found bearing this address is January 1708.
In early 1708 De L'Isle changed the sign over the shop to "à l'Aigle d'Or", the golden eagle.
In 1718 he ads his newly received title "Premier Geographe du Roy" to his address.

The De L'Isle family (fl. c. 1700 - c. 1760) The De L'Isle family (or Delisle) redefined early 18th century European cartography. The family patriarch Claude De L'Isle (1644-1720), married Marie Malaine and later remarried Charlotte Millet de la Croyère after his first wife died following childbirth. It is possible that Claude had as many as 12 children, but many of them died at a young age.
Although Claude De L'Isle had studied law, he also studied geography and history under Nicolas Sanson. He taught history and geography and had such a good reputation in Paris’ intellectual circles that he educated lords, among them was the duke Philippe d’Orléans who later became regent for the crown of France. Of his twelve sons, four, Guillaume (1675- 1726), Simon Claude (1675 - 1726), Joseph Nicholas (1688 - 1768) and Louis (1720 - 1745), made a significant contributions to cartography. Without a doubt Guillaume was the most remarkable member of the family.

Guillaume De L'Isle (Paris, 1675 -1726 )
Guillaume was the son of Marie Malaine and Claude De L'Isle. While Claude certainly has to be given credit for Guillaume’s education, the latter showed early signs of being an exceptional talent. He would soon contribute to the family workshop by drawing maps for his father’s historical works.
In order to perfect his skills, Guillaume De L'Isle became the student of the astronomer Jean-Dominique Cassini, who was the director of the Paris Observatory.

Early on he produced high quality maps, the first being a manuscript map "Carte de la Nouvelle-France et des Pays Voisins" in 1696. As Guillaume was only twentyone years old in 1696, it is likely that his father, Claude, also a cartographer, had influence regarding this map.

In the year 1700, when he was but twenty-five years of age, there appeared under his name a world map and likewise maps of the several continents and he issued the first edition of his globes, those having a diameter of about 32,5 cm. and those having a diameter of 15 cm. Guillaume removed the celestial errors that were copied from Ptolemy, and created a new and accurate celestial globe.
These works appears to have established his reputation. In the year 1702 he became a member of the Académie des Sciences, not as a geographer—this department was not established until the year 1730—but as an astronomer under Jean-Dominique Cassini. In fact, he had received a joint training: one type with his father Claude, the historian/geographer for whom he prepared maps and globes, and another with Jean-Dominique Cassini, who taught him astronomy.
It was necessarily the latter who persuaded him to use the figures of latitude and longitude set out by the Académie des Sciences, to compile documents which would renew French cartography.
When he became a member of the Académie Royale des Scienes, he signed his maps with the title of “Géographe de l’Académie”. Five years later, he moved to the Quai de l’Horloge in Paris, a true publishing hub where his business prospered. De L'Isle’s ascension through the ranks culminated in 1718 when he received the title of "Premier Géographe du Roi", an office created especially for him. His new office consisted in teaching geography to the Dauphin, King Louis XIV’s son, a task for which he received a salary.

This revolutionary approach transformed the field of cartography and created a more accurate picture of the world. Among Guillaume's many firsts are the first naming of Texas, the first correct map of the Mississippi, the final rejection of the insular California fallacy, and the first identification of the correct longitudes of America. Stylistically De L'Isle also initiated important changes to the medium, eschewing the flamboyant Dutch style of the previous century in favor of a highly detailed yet still decorative approach that yielded map both beautiful and informative. .
De L'Isle personally financed the publication of most of his maps, hoping to make heavy royalties on their sales. Unfortunately he met an untimely death in 1728, leaving considerable debt and an impoverished child and widow.

Rue des Canettes
Guillaume De L’Isle’s first printing shop was established on the "Rue des Canettes pres de St. Sulpice" in Paris. This address appears only on editions of maps dated 1700-1707. This is one of the few examples of maps who were printed at the "Rue des Canettes" shop. Most examples of his work were issued from the address where De L’Isle moved in 1707, the "Quai de L’Horloge". A map of Piedmont dated 1707 informs us that by that date De L'Isle had moved to the "Quai de l'Horloge à la Couronne de Diamans". The latest date on a map found bearing this address is January 1708. In early 1708 De L'Isle changed the sign over the shop to "à l'Aigle d'Or", the golden eagle.
In 1718 he ads his newly received title "Premier Geographe du Roy" to his address.
Reference: Sweet, Mapping of the continent of Asia, map 85.



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DELISLE, G. - L'Asie. Dressee sur les observations de l'Academie [Royale] des Sciences et quelques autres, et sur les memoires les plus recens. Par G. de l'Isle, Geographe. A Paris, chez l'Auteur Rue des Canettes préz de St. Sulpice. . .
DELISLE, G. - L'Asie. Dressee sur les observations de l'Academie [Royale] des Sciences et quelques autres, et sur les memoires les plus recens. Par G. de l'Isle, Geographe. A Paris, chez l'Auteur Rue des Canettes préz de St. Sulpice. . . high resolution image of old map
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Lot number: 34728

DELISLE, G. - L'Asie. Dressee sur les observations de l'Academie [Royale] des Sciences et quelques autres, et sur les memoires les plus recens. Par G. de l'Isle, Geographe. A Paris, chez l'Auteur Rue des Canettes préz de St. Sulpice. . .
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