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Publisher: GOTTFRIED BAUMANN & CO.
Title: Botanibay, Englischer Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher. / Laijene Franzosicher Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher.
Published in: Zittau, 1798-1800
   
Size: 6.6 x 10.2 inches.
16.8 x 26.0 cm.
Colouring:

Uncoloured.
Condition: A good and dark impression.
Condition Rating

Copper engraving with four scenes and one portrait of Frederick III of Saxony on one sheet. In upper part fanciful views of Botany Bay with English and French settlements. In lower part English settles. According to the title, Botany Bay was a destination for English and French convicts.

Published in "Allgemeine Welt-Chronik oder neue und wichtige Zeit-Geschichte aller Länder und Völker.".
Very rare.

After James Cook's famous voyage to the South Pacific in which he visited and claimed the east coast of Australia in the name of the British Empire, he reported Botany Bay, a bay in modern day Sydney, as being the ideal place to establish a settlement. By 1788, the First Fleet arrived and the first British colony in Australia was established.
During the late 18th and 19th centuries, large numbers of convicts were transported to the various Australian penal colonies by the British government.
Early convicts were all sent to Botany Bay, but by the early 1800s they were also being sent directly to other locations. The main destinations were Botany Bay, Norfolk Island, Van Diemen's Land, Port Macquarie and Moreton Bay.

One of the primary reasons for the British settlement of Australia was the establishment of a penal colony to alleviate pressure on their overburdened correctional facilities. Over the 80 years more than 165,000 convicts were transported to Australia.

The number of convicts pales in comparison to the immigrants who arrived in Australia in the 1851–1871 gold rush. In 1852 alone, 370,000 immigrants arrived in Australia. By 1871 the total population had nearly quadrupled from 430,000 to 1.7 million people.
The last convicts to be transported to Australia arrived in Western Australia in 1868.

More about the Mapping of Australia [+]

In lower part a portrait of Frederick III of Saxony (17 January 1463 – 5 May 1525), also known as Frederick the Wise, who was Elector of Saxony (from the House of Wettin) from 1486 to his death.
He is notable as being one of the most powerful early defenders of Martin Luther, Lutheranism, and the Protestant Reformation. His court painter since 1504 was Lucas Cranach the Elder.




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GOTTFRIED BAUMANN & CO. -  Botanibay, Englischer Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher. / Laijene Franzosicher Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher.
GOTTFRIED BAUMANN & CO. - Botanibay, Englischer Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher. / Laijene Franzosicher Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher. high resolution image of old map
Click image to zoom old map image or download.



We sell since 40 years genuinely old maps, atlases, prints, posters and every item on the site is clearly dated and priced. Items are made by copper engraving, or otherwise stated.

Measurements are given in millimeters and inches, height is given first, excluding margins.
Colour is by hand. 'Original colours' means; that the item was coloured at or about the time of publication. 'Coloured' means that the map is coloured in this century or at the end of last century.
A colour code is used. help In addition we use a condition rating system help
On top we use our unique HiBCOR grading system which can help the starting collector to set his focus.

Certificate of authenticity Warranty
We warranty the authenticity of each map, print, atlas or medieval manuscript described in this catalogue. There is no time limitation to this garantuee.
- Splits, tears, discolouration and other defects are carefully noted. In addition we use a condition rating system help
 If the condition report does not show remarks about splits, tears, discolouration, etc; this means there are non to be found in the item!.
 As a general rule we try to offer maps of a high quality standard

- Any map, print, atlas or medieval manuscript differing from the catalogue description may be returned for a full refund. help
- A certificate of authenticity is provided for each acquired map, print, atlas or medieval manuscript.

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Lot number: 25750
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GOTTFRIED BAUMANN & CO. - Botanibay, Englischer Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher. / Laijene Franzosicher Verweisungs Ort fur Verbrecher.
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