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SCHEDEL, Hartmann. - DESTRUCCIO IHEROSOLIME / Jerusalem zerstorung
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DESTRUCCIO IHEROSOLIME / Jerusalem zerstorung - SCHEDEL, Hartmann.
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Title : DESTRUCCIO IHEROSOLIME / Jerusalem zerstorung.
Map maker : SCHEDEL, Hartmann..
Date : Nuremberg, 1493.
Size : 10.2 x 21.7 inches. / 26.0 x 55.0 cm.
Colouring : Hand coloured.
Description :A gorgeous example of Hartmann Schedel's incunable view of Jerusalem from the more rare German edition of Schedel's Liber Chronicum, perhaps the single most influential secular illustrated book of the 15th Century and one of the landmark printed works of the 15th Century.
Schedel's view of Jerusalem is one of the earliest obtainable views of the City and realistically the only large format 15th Century illustrations available to collectors.
Hartmann Schedel’s Liber Chronicarum: Das Buch der Croniken und Geschichten (loosely translated as World Chronicle, but popularly referred to as the Nuremberg Chronicle, based upon the city of its publication), was the first secular book to include the style of lavish illustrations previously reserved for Bibles and other liturgical works.
The work was intended as a history of the World, from Creation to 1493, with a final section devoted to the anticipated Last Days of the World.
It is without question the most important illustrated secular work of the 15th Century and its importance rivals the early printed editions of Ptolemy's 'Geographia' and Bernard von Breydenbach's 'Perengrinatio in Terram Sanctam' in terms of its importance in the development and dissemination of illustrated books in the 15th Century.
Read more about the Liber chronicarum or Nuremberg Chronicle. [+]
Published in Nuremberg by Anton Koberger, the book was printed in Latin and 5 months later in German (translated by George Alt), and enjoyed immense commercial success. A reduced size version of the book was published in 1497 in Augsburg by Johann Schonsperger.
Hartmann Schedel was a prominent physician and writer, who amassed one of the largest private book collections of the 15th Century. Schedel's work is illustrated by over 1800 woodcut images by Michael Wohlgemut (1434–1519) and his stepson Wilhelm Pleydenwurff (1460–1494). Wohlgemut, an important painter and xylographer, is perhaps best known as having been an early teacher of Albrecht Durer, who apprenticed in Wohlgemut's workshop from 1486 to 1489.
It is believed that Durer was involved in the production of several of the illustrations in Schedel's Liber Chronicarum, as work on the illustrations commenced during the period when Durer was apprenticing with Wohlegut and a study of several of the illustrations suggests they may have been drawn by Durer, who would have prepared the drawings used as forms for the craftsmen who cut the woodblocks.
While the majority of the illustrations in the book depict the various saints, royalty, nobles and clergyman of the period, the work is perhaps best known for the large format views of a number of the major European Cities, including Rome, Venice, Paris, Vienna, Florence, Genoa, Saltzburg, Crakow, Breslau, Budapest, Prague, and major cities in the Middle East, including Jerusalem, Alexandria, Constantipole, as well as a number of cities in what would become the German Empire.
The work also included a magnificent double page map of the World, a large map of Europe and several famous illustrations, including the 'Dance of Death, and scenes from the Creation and the Last Judgement. While many of the double-page city views are less than accurate illustrations of the cities as they existed at the end of the 15th Century, the illustrations are of great importance in the iconographic history of each of the cities depicted.
Some of the double-page views were also apparently offered separately for sale, including some which had been coloured prior to sale.
Condition : Small restorations in center fold as usual for this print.
The item is no longer available for sale.
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