Sebastian MÜNSTER - Geographia universalis, vetus et nova, complectens. (Basle 1540)
The rare FIRST EDITION of Sebastian Münster’s Geographia Universalis, published in 1540. This was a new and important edition of Ptolemy, with redesigned maps and the text revised by Münster based on the Willibald Pirckheimer Latin translation with corrections of 1535 by Servetus.
With 27 maps of the ancient world and 21 of the modern world, together 48 double-page woodcut maps, each within a woodcut border, 7 woodcut diagrams in the text and one full-page woodcut, printer’s woodcut device on verso of colophon leaf, woodcut initials throughout.
The first separate maps of the four continents appear here, and include the earliest maps
of Africa, also the first separately printed map of England, and the oldest obtainable woodcut of Scandinavia.
Sebastian Münster (1448–1552) was a mathematician, geographer and professor at Basel University. He also compiled a highly influential encyclopaedic work entitled Cosmographia universalis, which first appeared in 1544 and contained forty-eight woodcut maps. He was among the first editors of a published geographical text to quote or acknowledge his sources and authorities.