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Title: Le Neptune Oriental ou routier general des Cotes des Indes orientales et de la Chine. . .
Published: Paris, Demonville & Brest, Malassis, 1775

Size: 21.7 x 16.9 inches.
55.0 x 43.0 cm.
Colouring: Uncoloured.
Condition:  Large folio. Size of book block 550 x 430mm. Double page charts generally 660 x 490mm. for the engraved area. Contemp. gilted motted calf, restored spine. With 63 engraved charts. On thick paper, a few charts in the last part with very light marginal waterstains sometime running into the engraved area.
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The second, much enlarged, edition of the important French Sea Atlas of the Red Sea, India, the East Indies, Indochina and Formosa.

Large folio, contemp. gilted motted calf, spine richly gilt in compartments with red morocco label, restored spine. Engraved allegorical title by J.B. Tilliard after Francois Boucher, title, dedication with large engraved vignette (2pp.), Table des articles (1p.), Extrait des register de l’academie Royale de Marine du 9 Mars 1773 with Privilege du Roi (3pp), Préface (10pp.), Instructions sur la navigation de France aux Indes, 194pp. Tables des Variations with Avis au Relieur (3pp.) followed by 63 charts, numbered from 1 to 59.
As usual, the charts not numbered as per contents list; No. 10 in index as "Carte à placer" and no chart has been added, Chart 19 misbound and chart 46 is not present but according to contents list "Carte de l'isle de Java" actually present as chart 44.
The Neptune Oriental was a changeable publication and the Shirley and Phillips catalogues reveals no systematic standardisation of the copies they collated. Shirley records several variations of the 1775 edition, each with differing totals.

Jean-Baptiste Nicolas Denis d' Après de Mannevillette (1707-1780) was a famous French sailor and hydrographer.
He studied under the famous Guillaume Delisle, the King's geographer, and was one of the first navigators to make use of Hadley's revolutionary octant in taking measurements at sea during his voyage to China in 1728 and succeeded in correcting the latitudes of many place.. During his many voyages d'Apres de Mannevillette created a number of charts for a hydrographic atlas which, with the support of the Academie des Sciences, was published in Paris in 1745 under the title "Le Neptune Oriental" with 25 maps. The atlas contained charts of the route to China: the Red Sea, the coasts of India, Malaya, the northern parts of Indonesia, Indochina and China.
'The new sea atlas quickly found its way into the pilot cabins of ships of several nations, and its 22 charts were immediately recognised as being superior to all previous maps of Southeast Asian coasts' (Suárez p.238).

For the next thirty years, with the help of his friend and eminent British hydrographer Alexander Dalrymple, d'Apres de Mannevillette revised his charts for this the second and enlarged edition, published in 1775. This comprehensive atlas was used on all French ships for navigating the Indian Ocean. It replaced the "English Pilot" published by John Thornton in 1700 and the charts of the van Keulens, the hydrographers of the Dutch East India Company.

This 1775 eventually required a supplement, published posthumously in 1781 and reissued in 1797.

This edition containing the important one page chart of Hong Kong, "Carte d'une partie des Côtes de la Chine et des Isles adjacentes depuis l'Isle nommée la Pierre Blanche, jusqu'à celle de l'Artimon." A most important milestone chart based upon the surveys made from navigational surveys and soundings in 1754, 1759, and 1760 by Alexander Dalrymple.
The chart extends from just West of Macao which is shown as is the Bocca. Tigris narrows on the Pearl River to the North. Prominently shown are the islands around present-day Hong Kong with Lantao and Lamma both identified. Hong Kong island is shown and identified as Fanchinchow with its island nature only tentatively shown. The promontories of Stanley Peak and D'Agular Peaks both tentatively shown in dotted outline. A simply engraved but important chart.

The second edition contains an updated, now double page chart of the tip of Malaysia with Singapore " Nouvelle carte des mers comprises entre le détroit de Banca et P°. Timon avec la partie orientale du détroit de Malacca.". One of the earliest detailed maps of Singapore area, labelled "Vieux Detroit de Sincapura" and "Detroit de Sincapura Neuf".

The chart of Manilla Bay "Plan de la baye et Ville de Manille, Capitale des Isles de Philippines...", was also updated for the second edition. The chart extends from the North coast of Mindoro Island to north of Pointe de Capones, centred on Manilla Bay and Subec Bay.

Contents Carte des Côtes occidentales de France dressée pour le Neptune oriental par M.R. L'Abbé Dicquemare, son ami,
Plan du Port Louis et de l'Orient,
Carte des Côtes occidentales d'Espagne,
Carte des Isles Açores,
Carte de la cote Afrique depuis le Cap Blanc,
Carte des Isles du Cap-Verde,
Plan de la Baye et du Port de Rio Janeiro Levé géométriquement par Le P.Capassi. À Paris chez Dezauche, successeur des Sieurs Delisle et Philippe Buache rue des Noyers, 1785.
Plan du Cap de Bonne Esperance,
Vue de la Baye de False [with] Simons-Baye,
Carte réduite de l'Océan orientale depuis le Cap du Bonne Espérance jusqua l'Isle Formose,
Carte réduite de la côte Meridionale d'Afrique,
Carte réduite de l'Océan orientale qui contient la côte d'Afrique,
Carte plate de la côte Occidentale de l'Isle Madagascar,
Plan de la Baye de St. Augustin [with] Plan du Port de l'Isle St.Marie,
Cote Orientale de Madagascar,
Carte de la Côte Orientale de Madagascar,
Côte de l'Isle Madagascar,
Plan de la Côte de l'Est de Madagascar [with] Plan du Port de Louquez,
Plan de l'Isle de France,
Plan de l'Isle Rodrigues [with] Plan particulier du Nord de l'Isle de Madagascar,
Plan de l'Isle de Bourbon,
Plan des Isles Querimbo, Oybo et Matemo [with] Plan des Isles de Patte et de son Port,
Carte réduite de l'Archipel du Nord-Est de l'Isle de Madagascar,
Plan des Isles Mahé,
Carte réduite de l'Océan Oriental Septentrional,
Carte de l'Entrée du Golf de la Mer Rouge [with] Plan de la Rade de Moka,
Vues des Caps d'Aden, de St Antoine, et de Bab-El-Mandeb [with] Vues de l'Isle Socotra,
Carte de la Mer Rouge [with] Cedan,
Plan de la Rade de Gedda,
Carte du Gold Persique [with] Plan des Isles Karak et Korgo et de la Baye de Bundereek,
Carte de la Côte de Guzerat, du Golfe de Cambaye et des Côtes de Concan et de Canara [with] Plan de la Rivière de Surate,
Vues diverses du Fort de l'Agouade Près des Isles de Goa [with] Vues diverses de l'Isle aux Cochons,
Carte plate qui comprend l'Isle de Ceylan et une partie des Côtes de Malabar et de Coromandel,
Carte de la Baye et Port de Trinquemalay dans l'Isle de Ceylan,
Carte plate qui comprend la partie Septentrionale de la Côte de Coromandel et les Côtes de Golconde d'Oricha, et de Bengale,
Carte réduite du Golfe de Bengale,
Chart of Northern part of The Bay of Bengal,
Carte de la Côte Orientale du Golfe de Bengale,
Carte de la Côte de Pegu,
Plan de l'Archipel de Merguy [with] Plan de l'Isle Junkseilon,
Carte des Isles Nicobar,
Plan de Rade d'Achem et des Isles circonvoisines,
Carte plate de la partie Septentrionale du Détroit de Malac,
Plan de Salangor et de la Cote de Malaye,
Carte plate de la Côte Occidentale de l'Isle Sumatra,
Carte de la Côte Occidentale de l'Isle Sumatra,
Carte du Détroit de la Sonde [with] Plan de la Baye de l'Isle de Mew ou Cantaye,
Carte de l'Isle de Java,
Nouveau plan des Détroits, situés à l'Est de Java et de Madura [with] Plan de la Baye de Ballamdouang,
Carte pour aller du Détroit de la Sonde ou de Batavia au Détroit de Banca [with] Plan des Isles Remouw, Kandang, High et Voody,
Plan du Détroit de Banca [with] Petit plan du Détroit à l'Est de banca,
Nouvelle carte des Mers comprises entre le Détroit de Banca et P.°Timon [with] Plan de l'Anse du Sud Est de Pulo Timon et de sa Rade,
Plan du Port de Rio [with] Plan du Détroit du Gouverneur,
Carte du Golfe de Siam [with] Plan particulier depuis l'Isle Brala,
Carte d'une partie de la Cote de Cochinchine [with] Plan de l'Isle Condor,
Chart of the China sea,
Carte d'une partie des Côtes de la Chine et des Isles adjacentes, [with Hong Kong]
A Map of part of Boneo and the Sooloo archipellago,
...Chart of Felicia and Plan of the Island Balambangan,
The Sooloo archipelago,
Plan des Principaux Ports,
Plan de la Baye et Ville de Manille,
Plan du Port de Subec.

Reference: Phillips 3165. Cat. Nederl. Scheepvaart Museum I, 57. Borba de Moraes II, 16 (Edition 1755). Shirley, pp.1067-1068..

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