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Lot number: 38709
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Publisher: BÜNTING, H.
Title: Asia secunda pars in forma Pegasi.
Published: Brunswick, ca. 1635

Size: 10.7 x 14.3 inches.
27.2 x 36.2 cm.
Colouring: Uncoloured.
Condition:  Double page copper engraved map. German text on verso. - Fine even impression with original margin all around plate mark. Centerfold and 2 vertical folds softened. A nearly perfect copy of a piece of utmost rarity.
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UNRECORDED PLATE or STATE. Asia depicted as the flying horse Pegasus. Below the depiction 3 lines of engraved Latin text. Double page copper engraved map from Heinrich Bünting’s “Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae”, printed in Brunswick around 1635 (whereas the “ordinary” Bünting Pegasus from the several Magdeburg editions is a woodcut). Below the depiction 3 lines of engraved Latin text. Verso German explanatory text which is actually same as the "Asia secunda pars terrae in forma Pegasi." plate from 1645 (offered also in this auction as lot 38710)

Perhaps a 1st state of the extremely rare copper engraved Brunswick Pegasus version, which – as far as we know – and has not been described in literature yet.
This plate is somewhat smaller and title differers.

Bünting's work Itinerarium Sacrae Scriptura was essentially a theological commentary with other maps of great curiosity.
The title of this map is Asia Secunda Pars Terrae in Forma Pegasi (’Asia, the Second Part of the Earth, in the Form of Pegasus‘). The winged horse of Greek mythology is the son of Poseidon and Medusa, was tamed by Athena and became the horse of the Muses. This obviously pagan origin of the image makes its appearance in a Holy Land travel book a bit of a mystery.
On this map, Pegasus is drawn realistically – i.e. Asia is adjusted to horse-shape.
- Asia’s front legs, touching Africa with the knees, constitute Arabia.
- Its head, licking Europe, is Asia Minor (present-day Turkey).
- The Tigris and Euphrates rivers run down its neck, on which is marked the area of Mesopotamia.
- Another river indicated, at the horse’s thigh, is the Ganges, with India Infra Gangem (‘India before the Ganges’) to the west and India Extra Gangem (‘India across the Ganges’).
- The horse’s behind is India Orientalis (’East India‘, which could be used for parts east of present-day India, e.g. Indonesia, formerly the Dutch East Indies).
- Both hind legs are inscribed with India Meridionalis (’South India’), which doesn’t at all reflect the single-peninsular nature of the Indian subcontinent.
- The wings are labeled Scythia and Tartaria, names often used to describe the vast unknown areas of Siberia.
- The body of water in between the wings and the horse’s body is the Caspian Sea.

Read more about Pictorial Maps and cartographical curiosities [+]




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Item category: Asia

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