Auction or Gallery status
User login

Forgot your password or username?

Shop Catalogue

Publisher: JANVIER
Title: L'Amerique Septentrionale divisée en ses principaux Etats. Par le Sr. Janvier Géographe. A Paris, Chez Lattré Graveur, rue St. Jacques a la Ville de Bordeaux. Avec Privilege du Roy 1762.
Published in: Paris, 1762
Size: 13.8 x 18.5 inches.
35.1 x 46.9 cm.

Original colours.
Condition: Very good, minor toning, original central binding to the verso. Small area of loss in the upper margin at the centrefold (well away from the image area).
Small margin tear at the lower margin.

Condition Rating

Fascinating map of North America by Jean Janvier dated 1762. Covers the continent from Panama to the Arctic Circle, extends westward to include parts of Asia and eastward as far as Iceland.
This map, which is heavily influenced by the theoretical mappings of Guillaume de l'Isle and Philippe Buache, went through several states of which this is the first and possibly the most interesting. Javier divides the continent according to the three colonial powers that controlled it, with England controlling the colonies along the east coast, France occupying Canada and Louisiana, and Spain dominating Mexico, Florida, Cuba and Central America. By far the most interesting aspects of this map deal with Janvier's treatment of the largely unexplored Pacific Northwest.
A magnificent sea, called the "Sea of the West" or in this case the 'Baye de L'Ouest,' occupies the greater part of the northwestern part of the continent.
This body of water, alternatively called the Sea of the West or Mer de l'Ouest, was speculated by Philippe Buache and Guillaume De l'Isle in the early 18th century based upon wishful thinking, American Indian stories, and the somewhat questionable 16th century explorations of Juan de Fuca. Janvier gives the Mer de l'Ouest its fullest expression, though he specifically does not connect it to either the network of lakes and rivers extending westward form the Hudson Bay or to the similar network extending westward from Lake Superior.

These river and lake networks were being actively explored throughout the early 18th century by a number of little known but important French explorers. Most specifically the explorations of Verenrye with regard to the discovery of the Lake of the Woods (L. Des Bois) and Lake Winnipeg (L. Ouinipigon), both of which appear on this map.

Further north we can find traces of Admiral de Fonte's apocryphal discovery of a passage from the Pacific (starting at the Archipel St. Lazare) eastward via a network of lakes and rivers to Baffin Bay. The De Fonte legend first appeared in a 1706 English publication entitled “Memoirs of the Curious”. This short-lived magazine published a previously unknown account by a supposed Spanish Admiral named Bartholomew de Fonte.
De Fonte is said to have sailed up the Pacific coast of North America in 1640. On this voyage he apparently discovered a series of gigantic lakes, seas, and rivers heading eastward from the Pacific towards Hudson Bay. The De Fonte story relates how, on one of these great inland lakes, he met with a westward bound ship from Boston that must to have come through the Northwest Passage. Today, based upon inaccuracies and falsities, we know the entire De Fonte article to have been a fabrication, however, it set 18th century afire with speculation that a Northwest Passage must indeed exist. Even such luminaries as Benjamin Franklin wrote long defenses of De Fonte. Our map offers an uncommon variant on the De Fonte passage, positioning its western entrada well to the north in order to accommodate the Sea of the West and situating its outlet at the Baffin rather than the Hudson Bay.

Even farther to the north we find the Strait of Ainan narrowly separating American from Asia. The extreme northeast tip of Asia is itself fairly well mapped giving evidence to the explorations of Vitus Bering and Tschirikow. Slightly to the south of Asia the cartography is slightly less certain with regard to a questionable landmass in the north Pacific.
This mass most likely stems from Tschirikow sightings of the Aleutian Islands and the assumption by Muller and others that they may have been a single land mass.

On the opposite side of the map, Janvier places the Great Lakes firmly within French territory, a clear case of carto-advocacy. The English colonies, outlined in red are only vaguely accurate with regard to their borders with Pennsylvania and New Jersey extending north to the Canadian border.

The lower left hand quadrant is dominated by a large decorative title cartouche depicting some of the flora of the continent. Though most examples of this map are dated 1762, the map itself appeared in multiple states between its first edition in 1762 and final iteration in the late 1780s. We have identified at least three variants. The first edition, 1762, includes a large 'Sea of the West', a series of lakes and rivers associated with the legendary voyages of Admiral de Fonte, and the Aleutians rendered as a single landmass, a la Muller.
A second variant, possibly 1775, includes the De Fonte speculation, and the 'Lake of the West', but renderers the Aleutians embryonically as a series of islands. Another third state, possibly from 1783, retains the 'Sea of the West', but does not include the De Fonte discoveries further north, and the Aleutians are embryonically rendered as individual islands.
There may be still other variations we have yet to discover. A full series of these beautifully produced maps presents a thorough overview of the conceptual development of the American northwest prior to Cook.

map Thumbnail Catalogue  book Catalogue  Category:  America | North America | Check Archive |

JANVIER - L'Amerique Septentrionale divisée en ses principaux Etats. Par le Sr. Janvier Géographe. A Paris, Chez Lattré Graveur, rue St. Jacques a la Ville de Bordeaux. Avec Privilege du Roy 1762.
JANVIER - L'Amerique Septentrionale divisée en ses principaux Etats. Par le Sr. Janvier Géographe. A Paris, Chez Lattré Graveur, rue St. Jacques a la Ville de Bordeaux. Avec Privilege du Roy 1762. high resolution image of old map
Click image to zoom old map image or download. | description

We sell since 40 years genuinely old maps, atlases, prints, posters and every item on the site is clearly dated and priced. Items are made by copper engraving, or otherwise stated.

Measurements are given in millimeters and inches, height is given first, excluding margins.
Colour is by hand. 'Original colours' means; that the item was coloured at or about the time of publication. 'Coloured' means that the map is coloured in this century or at the end of last century.
A colour code is used. help In addition we use a condition rating system help
On top we use our unique HiBCOR grading system which can help the starting collector to set his focus.

Certificate of authenticity Warranty
We warranty the authenticity of each map, print, atlas or medieval manuscript described in this catalogue. There is no time limitation to this garantuee.
- Splits, tears, discolouration and other defects are carefully noted. In addition we use a condition rating system help
 If the condition report does not show remarks about splits, tears, discolouration, etc; this means there are non to be found in the item!.
 As a general rule we try to offer maps of a high quality standard

- Any map, print, atlas or medieval manuscript differing from the catalogue description may be returned for a full refund. help
- A certificate of authenticity is provided for each acquired map, print, atlas or medieval manuscript.

- The items in the Fixed-sale catalog are immediately available and no commission is charged.
- Sales are not subject to VAT or Sales Tax. Buyers from within the State of Florida a 7% sales tax will be added to you bill.
- Shipping fee is $25 per combined shipment, including handling and insurance.

- We accept checks, Visa, Mastercard, PayPal, and bank transfers.

Click for more details about buying in fix sale gallery, or bidding at auction.
Many answers are likely to find in help section.

Paulus Swaen Internet Auction
is the first internet auction specializing in old maps, Medieval manuscripts and prints. It is a unique place for buying and selling antique maps, atlases, books, and medieval manuscripts.
We are in the map business for 40 years! more
Lot number: 93835

JANVIER - L'Amerique Septentrionale divisée en ses principaux Etats. Par le Sr. Janvier Géographe. A Paris, Chez Lattré Graveur, rue St. Jacques a la Ville de Bordeaux. Avec Privilege du Roy 1762.

Item is sold!
Visit the Archive to see for how much the item sold.

Ad this item to My Gallery and get a free allert when this or similar items come available.

Look for other maps of America | North America
who are available for sale.

H!BCoR*** help

 Add to my gallery  
Like this item?
Thinking about buying later on?
Or just create a virtual collection !
With Wishlist you can collect all
Your Favorite maps in one place
by simply pressing a button!
[ Read More ]


This item is sold.
Missed this item? Never miss another item again!
Register your free account today & receive email updates!

Look for other maps of America | North America
who are available for sale.

Ad this item to your WishList and get free updates when a similar item comes available.