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BÜNTING, H. - Asia secunda pars terrae in forma Pegasi. [Asia is presented as the mythical winged horse Pegasus].

 BÜNTING, H. - Asia secunda pars terrae in forma Pegasi. [Asia is presented as the mythical winged horse Pegasus].
Asia secunda pars terrae in forma Pegasi. [Asia is presented as the mythical winged horse Pegasus]. - BÜNTING, H.
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Title : Asia secunda pars terrae in forma Pegasi. [Asia is presented as the mythical winged horse Pegasus]..
Map maker : BÜNTING, H..
Date : Magdeburg, ca. 1585.
Size : 9.8 x 13.8 inches. / 25.0 x 35.0 cm.
Colouring : Coloured.

Description :One of the most fascinating early symbolic maps. In this wood block map, Asia is depicted in the form of Pegasus, the winged horse of Greek mythology, son of Poseidon and Medusa, who was tamed by Athena and became the horse of the Muses. The seas are adorned with mythical sea creatures, Many cities are depicted.

It is from the famous book of Heinrich Bünting "Itinerarium Sacrae Scripturae", which was essentially a theological commentary on the places of the Bible.There has been a lot of discussion about the sense of a such pagan picture in a Holy Land travel book like the Itinerarium.
Specifically:

- Asia's front legs, touching Africa with the knees, constitute Arabia.

- Its head, licking Europe, is Asia Minor (present-day Turkey).

- The Tigris and Euphrates rivers run down its neck, on which is marked the area of Mesopotamia.

- Another river indicated, at the horse's thigh, is the Ganges, with India Infra Gangem ('India before the Ganges') to the west and India Extra Gangem ('India across the Ganges').

- The horse's behind is India Orientalis ('East India', which could be used for parts east of present-day India, i.e. Indonesia).

- Both hind legs are inscribed with India Meridionalis ('South India'), which doesn't reflect much the single-peninsular nature of the Indian subcontinent.

- The wings are labeled Scythia and Tartaria, names often used to describe the vast unknown areas of Siberia.

- The body of water between the wings and the horse's body is the Caspian Sea.
German text on verso.

More about cartographical curiosities [+]

Condition : Professionally repaired, marginal imperfections, parts of thin paper, darker areas. As the paper used for the Itinerarium was not of the highest quality, these imperfections reflect imperfections very often encountered by these maps.


ID: 97070

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