image of antique map
Mobile version mobile version

Log-in to see for how much this sold.

Forgot your password or username?

The auction result or estimated value is freely available to our registered users!
Not registered yet !
Register your free account today.
No credit card needed.

Similar items for Sale

Missed this item? Never miss another item again!

H!BCoR*** help

 Add to my gallery  
Like this item?
Thinking about buying later on?
Or just create a virtual collection !
With Wishlist you can collect all
Your Favorite maps in one place
by simply pressing a button!
[ Read More ]
 Similar items for Sale
 Similar items in AbeMaps Source

Click here to AD this item to your Wish List [ More +]

  Find us on Facebook

ESNAUTS ET RAPILLY - Carte de la partie de la Virginie ou l'armée combinée de France & des Etats-Nies de l'Amérique..

ESNAUTS ET RAPILLY - Carte de la partie de la Virginie ou l'armée combinée de France & des Etats-Nies de l'Amérique..
Carte de la partie de la Virginie ou l'armée combinée de France & des Etats-Nies de l'Amérique.. - ESNAUTS ET RAPILLY
Click image to zoom old map image

Title : Carte de la partie de la Virginie ou l'armée combinée de France & des Etats-Nies de l'Amérique...
Date : Paris, after 1781.
Size : 18.0 x 23.5 inches. / 45.8 x 59.8 cm.
Colouring : In attractive strong original colours.

Description :Extremely rare map of the lower Chesapeake Bay emphasizes the Revolutionary War naval battle that took place off the Virginia coast prior to General Charles Cornwalllis's surrender at Yorktown, October 19, 1781.
Engraved by Etienne Claude Voysard (1746-1812) and published by Esnauts et Rapilly in Paris.
It graphically illustrates the French blockade at the entrance to the Chesapeake Bay, preventing the combined fleets of English Admirals Thomas Graves and Samuel Hood from providing reinforcements to Cornwallis. The battle marked a turning point in American history with the remainder of hostilities between France and Great Britain taking place elsewhere.

Dissected and laid on linen. With contemporarily paper label with manuscript title in brown pen and ink.

Only a handful examples are recorded. The last example offered on the market was sold in our March 2008 auction. ¤

The battle
Around mid-morning, the French frigate Aigrette signaled 20 sails approaching from the northeast. Initially assumed that it was De Barras fleet., when it became obvious that the force could only be British 1.900 men foraging ashore had to rush to their ships. At 2:00 pm French fleet emerged finally from Chesapeake Bay in a straggling line ahead formation, many ships undermanned. Graves ordered his fleet to wear, reversing battle line, this would let De Grasse´s center come abreast of his own and allow each British ship to engage the vessel opposite to it. At about 4:05pm the leading British ship opened fire.
The action lasted for two hours, all of the fighting on the vans and center, while Hood´s rear division hardly fired a shot because of some signal confusion (American and Caribbean squadrons used different signals!) Initially Graves signaled "line of battle" , but later added ?close action?, which flew simultaneously for at least one and a half hours. The dual signal cause no problems for the van and center , since being in close contact with the enemy, the two orders were perfectly compatible. But it was impossible for Hood´s division to do both, as his angle of approach would require to brake the line in order to close. Hood decided to preserve the line.
With both fleets heading away from the Capes, firing died down around dusk, though the fleets maintained contact through the night. On the morning of 6 British observers felt that the French fleet looked the less badly damaged. The two fleets remained in contact for two days. On the evening of September 9, De Grasse turned northwest, back to Chesapeake Bay. On the morning of 11 September he entered the Chesapeake to find De Barras safely at anchor in Lynnhaven Bay.
Meanwhile the British fleet had continued on into the Atlantic, having been forced to burn HMS Terrible (74), too damaged to be saved. On 12 September Graves sent the frigate HMS Medea to look into Chesapeake Bay. Her captain reported De Barras arrival, and Graves decided to sail to New York for repairs.
The Battle of the Virginia Capes should be regarded as a major strategic victory for the French. The British fleet failed to accomplish anything, neither capturing De Barras´ fleet nor forcing De Grasse to leave Yorktown blockade. This failure sealed the fate of Cornwallis army at Yorktown.
For the French, this battle marks the finest hour of their fleet in the XVIII century.

frigate "Hermione" recently visited Yorktown
Nearly 235 years after the Revolution was decided at Yorktown, a replica of the18th-century French frigate "Hermione" recently visited Yorktown after it left France earlier this year.
Without the French ships and sailors who defeated the Royal Navy in the Sept. 5, 1781 Battle of the Capes -- including the Concorde-class frigate that transported the Marquis de Lafayette to Boston the previous April -- Washington's triumph over Cornwallis wouldn't have happened.
The epic clash off the coast lasted only 2 1/2 hours -- and no Americans were involved. But by the time the ships of the line parted just before sunset the British fleet was battered so badly it could not continue the fight. And that ended any hope that the British army could escape the siege that insured America's victory in the Revolution.
"The Battle of the Chesapeake Bay was one of the decisive battles of the world," writes historian Michael Lewis in "The History of the British Navy."
Before it, the creation of the United States was possible, after it, it was certain. "For more information on the Hermione's recent visit to
Condition : Contemporarily dissected and laid on linen. With contemporarily paper label with title in brown pen and ink. Some very minor occasional browning. One tiny worm trace in "Elizabeth City" in lower left corner. Very good condition throughout.

ID: 36209

The item is no longer available for sale.
Click here to see for how much the item sold or the estimated value.

Missed this item? Never miss another item again!

Click here to inquire about this item.

See a list of similar items you might be interested in :

Carte de la Virginie de la Baye Chesapeak..
Paris, 1757
Status unknown

Virginia Marylandia et Carolina..
Augsburg, 1740
$ 2,000
Approx. Euro 1,720  

A chart of Delaware Bay and River : from the original by Mr. Fisher of Philadelphia 1776
London, July 1779
$ 300
Approx. Euro 258  

Wish List / Virtual map collection  
Found a nice map? But this map has been sold or thinking about buying later on?
With Wishlist you can collect all Your Favorite maps in one place by simply pressing a button!
Click here to AD this item to your Wish List
Note : This does not replace the BidPage during Auction.
By default we contact you when similar category items come available in future auctions!

Similar items available for immediate sale you might be intered in.

AbeMaps Archive
Browse our Archive index of 20,000+ antique maps, prints, Medieval manuscripts. The auction results are available for registered users.
Register now if you haven't done before. It is free of charge !

I have a similar map and would like to sell it.
Paulus Swaen Old Maps, Inc, is buying and selling for the last 36 years fine and rare maps. We are buying for stock or are taking quality consignments for our quarterly internet auctions since 18 years and we are the olderst internet based map auction.
Please email or send us a picture of your map and your asking price.
We need to receive an image first and can not make offers from verbal descriptions received by phone.

I would like to be notified if the item I am looking for comes up for auction.
I'm interested in this map: but it has been sold or you want to be notified when a similar map comes up for auction. Please Ad this map to my WishList and we will notify you when another example or similar map comes available

Never miss another item and Register now.
It's free; and you Save time ordering, Track your package; are able to bid in our auctions, you get free access to AbeMaps Archive with more than 20.000 auction results, and more.

You may also look at our stock list of similar items, which are available for immediate sale.