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SPEED, J. - A Map of Virginia and Maryland.

SPEED, J. - A Map of Virginia and Maryland.
A Map of Virginia and Maryland. - SPEED, J.
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Title : A Map of Virginia and Maryland..
Map maker : SPEED, J..
Date : London: Thomas Bassett and Richard Chiswell, 1676.
Size : 17.2 x 22.0 inches. / 43.8 x 55.9 cm.
Colouring : Uncoloured.

Description :The map is oriented with west at the top. Lamb included a written description of Virginia, noting that the colony was the most southerly portion of the tract of land first discovered by John and Sebastian Cabot in the fifteenth century and later by Giovanni da Verrazzano, the Florentine explorer who sailed in the 1520s under the sponsorship of France. The entire area was named Virginia "whether from Virginia an ancient King thereof, or from our own Virgin Queen Elizabeth, the other parts being since distinguished by the names of New-England, New-York, and Mary-Land." Grants to Lord Baltimore for the Maryland colony (1631) and to the Lord Proprietors of Carolina (1663) for the Florida lands to the south had limited the Virginia colony to the territory between thirty-six and thirty-seven degrees north latitude.
This particular map is of exceptional historical importance, and exhibits the highest level of quality in engraving, craftsmanship and artistic embellishment.
Please note that this map was never originally issued in colour, meaning that any colored examples have later color, and are less desirable than the black and white examples.

In 1676, the English publishers Thomas Bassett and Richard Chiswell issued an important edition of John Speed's popular atlas, The Theatre of the Empire of Great-Britain. In the atlas's addendum, entitled A Prospect of the Most Famous Parts of the World, the publishers added new maps of the English colonies in New England, Virginia and Maryland, Carolina, Jamaica and Barbados, and Bermuda. The atlas and its appealing maps first introduced many potential colonists to the possibilities of immigrating to the New World. The map of Virginia and Maryland was perhaps the most important of these additions to the atlas: one of the first to disseminate the geographical breakthroughs of Augustine Herman -- landmarks in the cartographic knowledge of this region -- as well as a fundamental impetus for Europeans seeking to settle in the Chesapeake area.
It was engraved by Francis Lamb, who culled much of the geographical information from the works of Herman and John Smith. Augustine Herman was the first to make improvements to Smith's foundational map of 1612, after a long period of 60 years with no improvements to the mapping of Virginia. Herman's 1673 map "Virginia and Maryland" is virtually unobtainable today.
Fewer than ten examples are known to exist, and all of them are in the collections of noted institutions like the Library of Congress, the John Carter Brown Library, and the Bibliothèque Nationale in Paris. Lamb's map, published just three years after Herman's, is therefore the first map to disseminate Herman's advancements that is available to collectors today.

Condition : Good and dark impression. Some very light outer marginal discolouration.


ID: 100007

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