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HORSBURGH, JAMES, F.R.S - China Sea. sheet 1.

HORSBURGH, JAMES, F.R.S -  China Sea. sheet 1.
China Sea. sheet 1. - HORSBURGH, JAMES, F.R.S
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Title : China Sea. sheet 1..
Map maker : HORSBURGH, JAMES, F.R.S.
Date : London, 1823.
Size : 25.6 x 39.2 inches. / 65.0 x 99.5 cm.
Colouring : Uncoloured.

Description :James Horsburgh early chart of the coast of China, including Hong Kong, Hainan, Strait of Formosa with lower half of Formosa (Taiwan), Northern part of the Philippines.
The chart shows depth soundings & both topographical and hydrographical details, and proposed sailing directions in the Sunda Straits. Filled with 23 coastal profiles, which were of great help for the sailor.
In a six-lines explanation, he mentions ". . . The coasts of Formosa, and the north and northeast coasts of Laconia, are very Imperfectly known."
Giving good detail for the Coast of Macao, and indicating Lantao Peak (mountain, Hong Kong).
Some interesting sailing directions are mention : "Towards China for leaky or crazy ships during the strength of the SW Monsoon", Best route from China in the early part, and in the strength of the N.E. Monsoon. Be guarded, when blowing strong against a S.Westerly current, particularly. . .", Best route from China late in the season in March and April through the straits of Gaspar towards Europe."
The chart has been used on board as we can see two tracks drawn in by lead-pencil from Macao, to Philippines and than direction to Europe. With an engraved track of the vessel "Bridwater", leaving Singapore for Macao in November 1819.

James Horsburgh was a distinguished hydrographer, and was born at Elie, Fifeshire, September 23, 1762. At the age of sixteen, having acquired the elements of mathematical science, book-keeping, and the theoretical parts of navigation, he sailed in various vessels, chiefly in the coal trade, from Newcastle and the Firth of Forth to Hamburg, Holland, and Ostend. In 1784 he bound for Bombay. In May 1786, when proceeding from Batavia towards Ceylon, he was wrecked upon the island of Diego Garcia, owing to the incorrectness of the charts then in use. On his return to Bombay he joined, the Gunjava, and bound to China. On the vessel’s arrival at Canton, he became first mate, in which capacity he continued to sail, in that and other ships, between China, Bombay, and Calcutta, for several years.
Horsburgh’s experience and observation had enabled him to accumulate a vast store of nautical knowledge, bearing especially on eastern hydrography. During two voyages to China, by the eastern route, he constructed three charts, one of the Strait of Makassar, another of the west side of the Philippine Islands, and the third of the tract from Dampier Strait, through Pitt’s Passage, towards Batavia, accompanied by a Memoir of Sailing Directions, which were published under the patronage of the court of directors of the East India Company, for the use of their ships.
In 1805 Horsburgh returned to England, and soon after he published a variety of charts. In 1810, on the death of Dalrymple, he was appointed hydrographer to the East India Company. In 1835 he published a Chart of the East Coast of China, having the names in the Chinese character and in English, translated by himself, which was his last work. He died May 14, 1836. ¤ §
Condition : Margins cut short, top margin cut close to the scale border, printed on heavy paper. Paper slightly age toned. Generally in good condition


ID: 30311

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