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Schenk-America

A rare complete monumental, unique, set of four wall maps of the continents.
This masterpiece represents one of the finest achievements of the golden era of Baroque cartography in the Netherlands. .

A) NOVA TOTIUS EUROPEA TABULA
F Tideman.....
G v d Gouwen fecie aquaforte
With views of  Roma, Parys, London, Sevillia. The title is on a banner held aloft by putti with garlands of fruit.In cartouche upper right “Gedrukt by Pet: Schenk Const en Caart Verkoper Op de Vygendam Tot Amsterdam Met Privilegie”.

B) NOVA TOTIUS AFRICAE TABULA
PETRUS SCHENK Excudet Met Previlegie
P. Tideman G . van Gouwen, f. 
With harbour of Stadt Minae,  Algiers, Tanger, Alcair, Tunis. The title is on a banner held aloft by putti with garlands of fruit; a second title is surrounded by allegorical figures representing Africa, the Nile and Mercury.
Hidden among them are the signatures of Philip Tideman as artist, Willem van der Gouwen as engraver and Schenk as publisher.

C) NOVA TOTIUS AMERICAE TABULA
F . Tideman enG v d Gouwe fecit
With harbour views of S.Salvador, ‘Nombred Dios’ (near Panama), ‘Panama’, Nieu Jork’, ‘Caput S. Augustini’ (St. Augustine, Florida) The view of New York, signed by Schenk, is believed to be an unrecorded view of the city, after Visscher (or Blaeu), with the title reflecting the British capture of the city from the Dutch in 1674.
The upper right corner features an inset of the Arctic Circle encompassed by a pageant of festoons, putti and deities.
The map contained within hails from Henricus Hondius’ polar projection of 1636. Open Great Lakes. California as an Island. Decoratively, the interior of South America is inhabited by scenes of native peoples and exotic animals, while numerous ships traverse the oceans, including two naval battles scenes in the Atlantic.  Both of the lower corners are inhabited by vivid allegorical scenes.  The scene on the left shows the personifications of war and knowledge flanked by vignettes of European encounters with indigenous warriors. The scene on the right depicts a procession of elaborately-attired native peoples along with a Peruvian llama.

D) NOVA TOTIUS ASIAE TABULA
PETRUS SCHENK. Excudit Met privilegie
F. Tideman invent en G v d Gouwen fecit.
With harbour views of Goa, Batavia, Suratte, Jerusalem, Colombo. A large number of ports are indicated along the Persian Gulf; among an early mentioning of Catara (Qatar) Baharem (Bahrein).

 

Set of four wall maps of the four continents, each on nine conjoined sheets:
The upper part with title border on two sheets, the maps of the continents on two sheets with decorative cartouches and five sheets of different cities in the lower part.
The running titles are printed from two separate plates pasted outside the upper border. On the America, Europe and Asia map the continent names are on a paste-on over the original engraving ‘Europe’. Outside the lower border are for each map five harbour views.
The elaborate cartouches are designed by Philip Tideman and engraved by Willem van Gouwen, both of who worked for Visscher in the 1680s.
The maps are  largely derives from Jan Mathysz’s set of the continents published c.1655, which were in turn based on Joan Blaeu’s world map of 1648 (Shirley 371).
Only a 3 copies of the America map, one of Asia and one of Africa are recorded.
This is the only complete matching set known to exist.

Copper engravings on paper with contemporary colour, refreshed colour and paper restored.
Overall dimensions: 830 x 945 mm.  Framed.
Amsterdam: Petrus Schenk, c. 1706

€ 275.000

Provenance:
Spain, private collection

Petrus Schenk
Petrus (Pieter) Schenk (1661 - 1711) was German engraver, globe maker, map publisher and art seller active in Amsterdam in the latter half of the 17th century.
Petrus was born in Elberfeld [Germany] and moved to Amsterdam in 1675 where he became a student of Gerard Valck. In 1687 he established his own firm in Amsterdam in partnership with Gerard Valk, whose sister he married in the same year. After acquisition of the copperplates of Johannes Janssonius's Atlas Novus in 1694 they began to produce maps. They published under the imprint of Valk and Schenk.
Valk and Schenk quickly became known for producing the best globes in the 18th century in the Netherlands, a business on which they held a near monopoly for nearly 50 years. A branch of the shop was opened in Leipzig to export Valk's globes.
Until 1700 he lived in the Jordaan, then he moved to Dam Square or to Leipzig, where he opened a shop, selling maps and art. He was a regular visitor to the trade fair Leipziger Messe in Leipzig, where he died. He had three sons who became engravers. His eldest son Peter Schenk the Younger was also a noted cartographer and art dealer who continued his father's shop in Liepzig.
His sons Jan and Leonard stayed in Amsterdam and probably continued their father's workshop. His daughter Maria married Leonard Valck, the son of Gerard, who continued Gerard's workshop.

Wall maps
In the 17th and 18th century wall maps where found in the interiors of wealthy businessmen. Wall maps occupied a prominent place in contemporary Dutch culture, iconologically representing affluence and intellectual curiosity.
Soon wall maps were available for the libraries or offices of the wealthy and nobility throughout Europe. Wall maps also hung in many places in America in the eighteenth century, for instance one of the 4 recorded examples of the America map hung in the Governor's Palace (now Colonial Williamsburg Collection) in Williamsburg, Virginia. Petrus Schenk's wall maps are real masterpieces and representing one of the finest achievements of the golden era of Baroque cartography in the Netherlands.
More about wall maps.

Literature:
Koeman: Atlantes Neerlandici, vols. III, p.107, after 1706, is the adress on the ' Vijgendam' in Samsons Atlas. Krogt, p. van der. 'Advertenties voor kaarten, atlassen, globes [&c.]'. Ill. 195, p. 50.  "1702, 30 mei / t'Amsterdam by P. Schenk, op de Beurssluys, zyn gedrukt en te bekomen: Hecatompolis, of 100 voorname steden des werelds … Nog alle de Kaerten van Italie in 't geheel en in deelen. Nog de vier deelen der wereld, zeer naeukeurig uitgewerkt, ware onder Asia zeer net is uytgebeeld volgens de allerbeste aftekeningen. Nog een Kartesiaensche Kaert der Hemispherien of Halfronden. En eyndelyk nog een kleyne Atlas van 27 Kaerten van Sanson, afgezet, voor 6 gulden. Alles uytgegeven met Privilegie."

The only complete known set of the four continents by Petrus Schenk.




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Author: Paulus Swaen 2017