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SANSON / MARIETTE / BOISSEAU ATLAS, c.1655 with 138 maps

In France, the pioneer in making world atlases was Nicolas Sanson d’Abbeville, and his partner, the publisher Pierre Mariette (1603-1657). It is not before 1658 that Mariette produces a folio world atlas with engraved title page Cartes Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde. The atlas is considered the first folio world atlas published in France. In between 1652 and 1658 a few folio world atlases are produced without title page. We are offering the following atlas which is unique in the sense that it pre-dates the earliest French folio world atlas with three years and contains 138 maps, thus 25 maps more than his atlas of 1658. The atlas contains a large number of maps originating from Amsterdam. Regional maps not available in Paris are completed with Dutch maps by Hondius, Jansson and Danckerts; demonstrating the ties between Paris and Amsterdam in the beginning of the 17th century. French publishers went to Amsterdam, buying those maps not available in Paris. Also Dutch merchants visited Paris to sell their maps. Several joint ventures are known. The stock of Tavernier included a large number of maps printed in Amsterdam by Jansson, Hondius, Blaeu, C. Danckerts.

Nicolas Sanson (1600-1667) was born in Abbeville, where as a young man he studied history, particularly of the ancient world. At the age of 18 he was said to have compiled his first map. After he moved to Paris the King appointed him 'Geographe Ordinaire du Roi', one of his duties being to tutor the King in geography.
Melchior Tavernier was Paris most active publisher of prints and maps in the beginning of the 17th century. Sanson published his first separate map and atlas of France and Europe with Tavernier.
For unexplained reasons Melchior Tavernier retired trade in 1644. He sold most of his stock of copperplates, prints,  maps, architecture books, blank paper, printing press to Pierre Mariette for 11,200 pounds. The first contract between Sanson and Mariette dates 28th December 1648. For this reason many plates carry both family names in the address.
The first contract between Sanson and Mariette dates 28th December 1648. For this reason many plates carry both family names in the address.


The first world atlas published in France.
There was no folio size world atlas available in Paris until in 1652 Pierre Mariette puts together 70 maps. Fourteen are historical maps, these maps by Sanson are complemented with maps by various geographers such as : Duval, Philippe de la Ruë, Van Lochom. The book has no title page and is dated by the ex-libris.
Pastoureau mentions in “Les Atlas Français” only two copies of such early world atlases. These atlases are in Bibliotheque.Nationale. (Ge.DD.2653) and Bibliotheque Mazarine, (A11278, pièce 4).
The following years Sanson is very productive and he produces 28 maps in 1654, 20 in in 1655 and 49 in 1656.

It is not before 1658 that Mariette produces a folio world atlas with engraved title page Cartes Generales de Toutes les Parties du Monde, containing 113 maps. The title page carries both the names of Sanson and Mariette. The atlas is considered the first folio world atlas published in France.

We are offering here an example of this very rare early edition of a French World atlas, who prefigures Sanson “Cartes Générales de Toutes les Parties du Monde” of 1658. This composite atlas with 138 maps published by Mariette  is without title-page, can be dated 1655, and contains maps by various geographers such as : Philippe de la Ruë, Philippe Briet, Van Lochom, Duval, Boisseau and a large number of maps by the leading Dutch mapmakers Janssonius and Hondius and one by C.Danckerts.

Mariette  has put in all possible effort making this collection of maps a most up-to-date world atlas. We could not trace another copy of a French folio atlas counting so many foreign maps and of such a homogeneous content. As N.Sanson only produced in 1656 his map of Canada, Mariette therefore included a copy of the separately published map by Boisseau "Description de la Nouvelle France" (1643 - in a first state). This rare and important map was the first printed map to illustrate and name all five Great Lakes. Boisseau improved upon the Champlain by incorporating the names that were only keyed before.  Another rare, separately published, map by Boisseau is a map of Malta, Gozo & Comino (1645).

The atlas contains also rare maps by Duval, "Isles d’Amerique dites Caribes", and "La Guyane" and many of the foreign maps by Sanson/Mariette produced in 1654 and 1655, like "Estats de l’Empire des Turqs en Europe.", "Description de la Tartarie", "Carte des Trois Arabies", "L’Inde", "Les Isles Philippines", his set of maps of African regions, "Estats de l’Empire du Grand Seigneur des Turqs", etc. , These maps are very early strikes still showing plate-tone (generally only visible at the first 50 plate strikes)

The Sanson map of North America is the first map to name Lakes Superior and Ontario, and Lakes Erie and Huron, unnamed, appear in a more familiar form. His sources were largely the so-called "Jesuit Relations", the extremely detailed annual reports on the progress of their missions in New France. Here in a second state (the first state is according to Burden only know in 2 copies.)
Except for the newly made maps of the Caribbean islands: "Carte de l’Isle de Sainct Christophe", "Isle de la Guadeloupe", "Isle de la Martinique", was the supply of regional maps of American regions very limited in Paris.


Dutch - French ties.

In the first half of the 17th century the publishing house Hondius / Janssonius / Blaeu dominated the map publishing in Europe. It is known that at the beginning of the 17th century the French publishers went to Amsterdam, buying those maps not available in Paris. The Amsterdam publisher Cornelis Danckerts the elder made selling trips to Paris and was associated with Melchior Tavernier, who became at the beginning of the 16th century the most important publisher in Paris. He was very much influenced by the Dutch and must have visited Amsterdam on a regular basis. In 1638 he paid 500 pounds to H.Hondius, and 1000 pounds to Willem Blaeu, most likely in payment for maps he sold in depot. (Fleury, Archives Nationale.s documents du minutier etc. (Paris 969), vol I.p.652).
J.Boisseau copied after or used maps by H.Hondius, J.Jansson, W.Blaeu and C.Danckerts in his "Theatre de Gaules" from 1642. (Reference : Imago Mundi 32. M.Pastoureau, Imago Mundi 32)

To complete the American section Mariette added the most recent Dutch maps of Nova Virginiae Tabula", Virginiae partis australis, et Floridae partis... ", "Nova Anglia Novum Belgium et Virginia" by Hondius and Janssson. The American section contains 10 maps by H Hondius and all have no text on the verso. Other maps are "Nova Hispania, et Nova Galicia", "Peru", "Venezuela", "Accuratissima Brasiliae Tabula", "Chili".
The map of the Magallan Straits “Freti Magellanici” is the very rare issue with the signature of Jodocus Hondius (1629). The copperplate was acquired by Willem Blaeu in 1629 from the widow of J.H., after which the signature of Jodocus Hondius was replaced by that of Willem Blaeu. The intriguing question is why this Jodocus Hondius plate and not the Henricus Hondius. The other maps by J.J./H.H. are according to Peter van der Krogt, in Atlantes Neerlandici for the first time published in an atlas between 1630 and 1645, except for the Ceylon map which is first published in 1650.
It could be possible that Mariette, after he acquired the stock of Tavernier in 1644, made a trip to Amsterdam to introduce himself. During this trip he seemed to have bought maps from Hondius/Jansson, but as the H.Hondius plate of Magallan in about 1645 was to replaced by a new Magellan plate, the map was perhaps not available and he was able to find an example of the Jodocus Hondius, 1629 map. This is interesting as the map with the J.H., 1629 imprint, in an updated version, is mainly know from the 'ad hoc collections' of maps made up by Jodocus Hondius or his widow in mid-1629. According to Peter van der Krogt in Atlantes Neerlandici, "presumably for display in autumn at the Frankfurt bookfair, and perhaps also to stimulate further interest of his planned new modern atlas, less dependent on the Mercator plates that his father has acquired in 1604. It is well-known that on J.H. death on August 18th, 1629, about 40 copperplates were sold to Blaeu probably by Jodocus widow. Blaeu altered the imprint and published immediately 34 of them as part of his first atlas." (Volume I, page 125)
Read more about the sale of the Jodocus Hondius II plates to Willem Blaeu.

There is one map by Cornelis Danckerts II (1603-1656) , of Austria. This map can also be dated around 1645. He started his business in Amsterdam in 1633 and was "Papiere const en Caeren verkooper". He was associated with Tavernier and quite a number of his maps turn up in French atlases.
 

The atlas is bound in early 19th century binding, cardboard covered with linen, and has a manuscript index on 2pp, in an early 19th century hand, counting 140 maps. Each map with a number (1-140) in brown manuscript on rectio and verso. According to the page numbers there are 3 maps wanting, these map numbers are not mentioned on the manuscript index. Several maps with paper slightly browned, as usual, a few maps have more heavier browning. Generally in good condition.

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Zoom-able images of some of the 140 maps in this atlas.










 

CONTENT .

            Sanson d’Abbeville :

-        1     Sanson  Mappe-Monde ou Carte Générale du monde. Mariette, 1651.

-          2     Sanson  L’Hydrographie ou Description de l’Eau. L’Auteur, 1652.

-           3    Sanson   L’Europe. L’Auteur et P. Mariette, (n.d) .

-           4    Tavernier, M. Carte Générale des Royaumes d’Angleterre... 1640.

-           5    Sanson     Provinces d’West... L’Auteur, 1654.

-           6    Sanson  Anciens Royaumes de Mercie... L’Auteur, 1654.

-           7    Sanson  Anciens Royaumes de Kent. L’Auteur, 1654.

-            8    Mariette. La Scandinavie. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-           9    Sanson le fils. La Scandinavie. L’Autheur, 1647.

-          10   Hondius, H.         Uplandia. (paper browned). First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1638.

-          11   Hondius, H.   Gothia. . (paper browned, split lower part centre fold into engraved area with loss of image). First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1644.

-          12   Mariette. Carte generale du royaume de Danemarc. P. Mariette. 1646.

-           13   Jansson, J.        Totius Iutiae. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645.

-           14   Jansson, J.  Ducatus Holsatiae nova tabula. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645.

-            15   Jansson, J.  Fionae. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645.

-           16   Jansson, J.  Selandiae.  First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645. A proof state of 1644 exists also.

-           17   Jansson, J.  Nova... Stavangriensis. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1636.

-           18   Jansson, J.  Tabula Islandiae. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1630.

      -        19   Sanson le fils         Estats du Czar. L’auteur, (n.d.).

-           20   Tavernier, M. Carte generale de l’Empire d’Allemagne. Chez P. Mariette, 1645.

-           21   Sanson.         Basse Allemagne. Chez P. Mariette, 1652.

-           22   Sanson.   Haute Allemagne. Chez P. Mariette.

-          23   Sanson.   Estats de la Succession de Clèves. 1648.

-          24   Sanson.  Palatinat du Rhein. 1648.

-          25   Sanson.   Les Suisses. 1648.

-         26   Sanson.   Le Tirol. L’Auteur, 1654.

-          27   Sanson.  Haute Saxe. L’Auteur, 1655.

-          28   Sanson.  Bayern. 1655.

-          29   Sanson.  Churfurstenthum, und March Brandeburg. 1654.

-          30   Duval. Carte de Boheme... Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-          31   Sanson       Konigreich Boheim. L’Auteur, 1654.

-          32   Sanson  Provinces Unies... . L’Auteur, 1654.

-          33   Danckerts, C. Austria. (Paper heavily browned). Cornelis Danckerts II (1603-1656) started his business in Amsterdam in 1633 and was "Papiere const en Caeren verkooper". He must have sold his maps to the French publishers as several of his maps turn up into French atlases.

-          34   Mercator, G./ Jansson. Karstia.

-          35   Mariette. Hungaria Regnum. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-          36   Sanson. Estats de la Couronne de Pologne. 1655.

-          37   Jansson, J.         Novissima Poloniae Regni. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645.

-          38   Jansson, J.   Magni Ducatus Lithuaniae. (Slightly browned). First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645.

-          39   Jansson, J.  Nova Totius Livoniae. (Paper browned). First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1636.

-          40   Tavernier. Carte Generale d’Espagne. Chez P. Mariette, 1641.

-          41   Mariette, P.          Les Estats de la Couronne d’Arragon. 1653.

-          42   Mariette, P.     Catalonia. (n.d.).

-          43   Mariette, P.     Les Estats de la Couronne de Castille. 1652.

-          44   Sanson         Royaume de Navarre. Chez P. Mariette, 1652.

-          45   Sanson.  Les Estats de la Couronne de Castille. Chez P. Mariette, 1652.

-          46   Sanson.   Les Estats de la Couronne de Portugal. Chez P. Mariette, 1653.

-          47   Sanson.   Parte Septentrional do Reyno de Portugal. Em Casa do Autor, 1654.

-          48   Sanson.   Haute Lombardie. L’Auteur, 1648.

-     49  Map not present, neither in manuscript, no page seems to be missing since the atlas was bound.

-          50   Sanson.   Basse Lombardie. L’Auteur, 1648.

-          51   Sanson.   Royaume de Naples. . L’Auteur, 1648.

-          52   Sanson.  Calabre Citerieure... 1648.

-          53   Sanson.   Isle de Corse / Sardaigne. (n.d.).

-          54   Sanson.   Isle et Royaume de Sicile. 1647.

-          55   Sanson.   Estats de l’Empire des Turqs en Europe. L’Auteur, 1655.

-          56  Jansson, J. Taurica. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645.

-          57   De la Ruë, Philippe. La Partie Septentrionale de la Turquie en l’Europe. Chez P. Mariette, 1651.

-          58   Mariette, P.       Grece moderne...

-          59   Mariette, P.     Candia.

-          60   Sanson   Asie. Chez P. Mariette, 1650.

-          61   Sanson   Description de la Tartarie. Chez P. Mariette, 1654.

-         62   Sanson    Les Estats de l’Empire des Turqs en Asie. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-          63   Mariette, P.     Natolia.

-          64   De la Ruë, Philippe. Sourie ou Terre Saincte Moderne. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-          65   Mariette, P.    Cyprus Insula.

-          66   Sanson   Carte des Trois Arabies. Chez P. Mariette, 1654.

-          67   Sanson   Description de l’Empire du Sophi des Perses. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-          68   Mariette, P.  Carte Generale des Indes Orientales. (n.d.).

-          69   Jansson, J.         Insula Zeilan. (split upper part centre fold) First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1650.

-          70   Jansson, J.  Insularum Moluccarum. (Slightly browned). First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1633.

-           71   Sanson L’Inde. Chez P. Mariette, 1654.

-          72   Sanson  Partie Méridionale de l’Inde. Chez P. Mariette, 1654.

-          73   Mariette. Royaume d’Annan... Dessigné par les Pères de la Compagnie de Iesus. Chez P. Mariette.

-          74   Sanson. Les Isles Philippines... Chez P. Mariette, 1654.

-          75   Briet, Ph. Royaume du Japon Designé Par le Père Ph : Briet. Chez P. Mariette.

-          76   Sanson       Afrique. Chez P. Mariette, 1650.

-          77   Sanson  Estats et Royaumes de Fez et Maroc. Chez P. Mariette, 1655.

-          78   Sanson  Partie de la Barbarie. Chez P. Mariette, 1655.

-          79   Sanson  Partie de la Coste de Barbarie. Chez P. Mariette, 1655.

-          80   Sanson  Roy.me et Desert de Barca. Chez P. Mariette, 1655.

-          81   De la Ruë, Phi. Egypte Moderne. Chez P. Mariette.

-          82   Sanson. L’Afrique, ou Lybie Ulterieure... Chez P. Mariette, 1655.

-          83   Duval, P. Chez P. Mariette, 1653.

-          84   Sanson      Haute Ethiopie. Chez P. Mariette, 1655.

-          85   Sanson   Basse Ethiopie. Chez P. Mariette, 1655.

-          86   Duval, P.    Les Isles Terceres. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).Les Isles Canaries. Chez P. Mariette, 1653.

-      87   Duval, P. Les Isles Canaries. Chez P. Mariette, 1653.

-          88   Boisseau, Jean. Nouvelle description de l’Isle de Malte jadis Melita...A Paris chez Jean Boisseau, 1645.

-          89   Sanson. Amerique Septentrionale. Chez P. Mariette, 1650. (Burden. 294, State 2)

-          90   Boisseau, Jean. Description de la Nouvelle France. A Paris chez Jean Boisseau, Enlumineur du Roy pour les Cartes Geographiques, en l’Isle du Palais a la Royalle Fontaine de Jouvence, 1643. (Burden. 261, first state).

-          91   Jansson, J.    Virginiae partis australis, et Floridae partis... (Slightly browned). First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1639.

-          92   Jansson, J.   Nova Anglia Novum Belgium et Virginia. (Heavily browned). Burden, 247, first state. , First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1636, first french 1639.

-          93   Hondius, H. Nova Virginiae Tabula. (Slightly browned). First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1631.

-          94   Hondius/Jansson. Nova Hispania, et Nova Galicia. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1636.

-          95   Duval, P. Isles d’Amerique dites Caribes... Chez l’Autheur rue des Bons Enfans Au Monde Royal, (n.d.).

-          96   Mariette      Carte de l’Isle de Sainct Christophe. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-         97   Mariette   Isle de la Guadeloupe. Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-          98   Mariette   Isle de la Martinique. . Chez P. Mariette, (n.d.).

-          99   Sanson, N. Amerique Meridionale. Chez P. Mariette, 1650.

-       100   Jansson, J.       Venezuela. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1630.

-        101   Jansson, J.         Peru. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1630.

-        102   Duval, P. La Guyane. A Paris Chez l’Autheur ruë des Bons Enfans au Monde Royal Et Boisvin rue S ; Iacques a l’Enseigne Saincte Geneviève, 1654.

-        103   Jansson, J.        Accuratissima Brasiliae Tabula. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1645.

-        104   Jansson, J.        Chili. First published in atlas in Amsterdam, 1630.

-        105   Hondius, J.  Freti Magellanici. (browned). Published in atlas in Amsterdam, until 1629.

-        106   Sanson, N. Estats de l’Empire du Grand Seigneur des Turqs... 1654.

ANCIENT WORLD.

-        107   Duval, P. Orbis Vetus. Chez l’Autheur rue des Bons Enfans Au Monde Royal, 1655.

-        108   Sanson. Britannica Insula. Chez Tavernier et chez P. Mariette, 1641.

-        109   Sanson le fils       Baltia quae et Scandia. 1654.

-        109bis.Sanson le fils  Sarmatia. 1654.

-        110   Sanson       Germania Antiqua. Chez P. Mariette, 1641.

-        111   Sanson  Germanio-Sarmatia. 1655.

-        112   Sanson  Italia Antiqua. Chez P. Mariette, 1641.

-     113  Map not present, neither in manuscript index.

-         114   Sanson  Graeciae Antiquae. . Chez P. Mariette, 1636. (Border scale in outline col.).

-     115  Map not present, neither in manuscript index.

-         116   Sanson  Asia Vetus. Chez P. Mariette, 1650.

-         117   De la Ruë, Phi.          Asia Minor. Mariette, 1652.

-         118   De la Ruë, Phi.   Armenia Vetus. Mariette, 1653.

-        119   De la Ruë, Phi.   Assyria Vetus. Mariette, 1651.

-         120   Briet, Philippe. Palestinae Delineatio ad Geographica Canones Revocata. 1641.

-         121   Van Lochom, Michel. Palestinae Topographica et Historica Descriptio (Text only). 1641.

-         121b.De la Ruë, Phi.         Terra Chanaan. Mariette.

-         122   De la Ruë, Phi.   Terra Promissa. Mariette.

-         123   De la Ruë, Phi.    Regnum Salomonicum. Mariette.

-         124   De la Ruë, Phi.   Regnum Judeorum. Mariette, 1651.

-         125   De la Ruë, Phi.   Pinax Geographicus Patriarchatus... Mariette, 1651.

-         126   Sanson. Africa Vetus. Mariette, 1650.

-         127   De la Ruë, Phi. Regnum Priami. Mariette.

-         128   Duval     Carte du voyage d’Enée. Chez Mariette.

-         129   Duval  Tabula Itineris Decies Mille. Chez Mariette, 1653.

-         130   Duval  Expeditionis Alexandri Magni. Chez Mariette, 1654.

-         131   Briet, Philippe. Roma Gentium Domina. A Paris chez Michel van Lochom.

-         132   Sanson      Romani Imperii qua Occidens est. Chez P. Mariette, 1637.

-         133   Sanson Romani Imperii quaOreins est. Chez P. Mariette, 1637.

-         134   Sanson  Gallia Vetus. Apud Autorem,1649.

-         135     Tavernier, M.     Patriarchatus Romanus.

-         136   Tavernier, M.   Antiquorum Galliae Episcopatuum. 1640.

-         137   Tavernier, M.   Antiquorum Hispaniae Episcopatuum. 1640.

-         138   Tavernier, M.   Antiquorum Italiae et Illirici Occidentalis... 1640.

-         139   Tavernier, M.   Antiquorum Italiae et Illirici Orientalis... 1640.

-         140   Tavernier, M.   Antiquorum Africae Episcopatuum. 1640.

 



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