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Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville / DU HALDE, J.-B.
  Nouvel atlas de la Chine, de la Tartarie chinoise, et du Thibet.

Nouvel atlas de la Chine, de la Tartarie chinoise, et du Thibet. The Hague, H. Scheurleer, 1737. Original papered boards. Large folio. Printed title page., 2pp advertisement, 8pp text, 42 engraved maps of China, Tibet, Tartary and Korea, 12 folding. Excellent condition, large margins.

First edition of "the principal cartographic authority on China during the 18th century". It was the second major atlas of China produced in Europe following the Martini /Blaeu Novus Atlas Sinensis 1655. Through its unique combination of western and Chinese surveys it brought the mapping of China to a new level of accuracy and detail.

Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (1697-1782) beautifully printed and splendidly illustrated work is the summation of European knowledge on China in the 18th-century.
It was begun by the Jesuit missionaries to China in 1708, and their completed manuscripts were presented to the Emperor Kang-hi in 1718. Kang-hi ordered further surveys and from them were constructed the well-known maps forwarded to father Du Halde and used by d'Anville for this work.

Because the principles and methods of surveying had greatly improved by the late 17th- and early 18th-centuries, the result was the most accurate mapping of China available in Europe at the time.
The maps are by Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d’Anville (1697-1782), “the finest cartographer of his time” (Moreland & Bannister: Antique Maps, p.133).
For certain remote parts of northern China, Mongolia and Tibet, this work was the only adequate reference until the technological revolution in surveying in the 20th-century. In addition to the maps on China and Korea, Du Halde's work includes highly important map Carte des Pays traversés par le Capne Beerings contains the first printed configuration of any part of Alaska, namely St. Lawrence Island. Both the report and map are based on manuscripts that Bering had presented to the King of Poland who, in turn, presented them to Du Halde for inclusion in this work.

Price $ 27,000

Containing the following 42 maps :
General maps : 1. Carte le plus générale de toutes comprenant la Chine, La Tartarie & le Thibet -- 2. Carte générale de la Chine
Chinese province maps : -- 3. La Province de Pé-tche-li -- 4. La Province de Kiang-nan -- 5. La Province de Kiang-si -- 6. La Province de Fa-kien -- 7. La Province de Tche-kiang -- 8. La Province de Hou-quang -- 9. La Province de Ho-nan -- 10. La Province de Chan-tong -- 11. La Province de Chan-si -- 12. La Province de Chen-si -- 13. La Province de Se-tchuen -- 14. La Province de Quan-tong -- 15. La Province de Quang-si -- 16. La Province de Tun-nan -- 17. La Province de Koei-tcheou
-- 18. Carte generale de la Tartarie chinoise -- 19. Premiere Feuille particuliere -- 20. Seconde Feuille particuliere. 21. Troisieme Feuille particuliere -- 22. Quatrieme Feuille particuliere -- 23. Cinquieme Feuille particuliere -- 24. Sixieme Feuille particuliere -- 25. Septieme Feuille particuliere -- 26. Huitieme Feuille particuliere -- 27. Neuvieme Feuille particuliere -- 28. Dixieme Feuille particuliere -- 29. Onzieme Feuille particuliere -- 30. Douzieme Feuille particuliere
Korea : -- 31. La Royaume de Coree
Thibet : -- 32. Carte generale du Thibet -- 33. Premiere Feuille particuliere -- 34. Seconde Feuille particuliere -- 35. Troisieme Feuille particuliere -- 36. Quatrieme Feuille particuliere -- 37. Cinquieme Feuille particuliere -- 38. Sixieme Feuille particuliere -- 39. Septieme Feuille particuliere -- 40. Huitieme Feuille particuliere -- 41. Neuvieme Feuille particuliere
Siberia / Beering Street :-- 42. Voyage du Capitaine Beerings.

Map of Korea
Since the Jesuits were not allowed in Korea the "Tartar lord" (Mukedeng a troubleshooter and trusted assistant for the Kangxi emperor) made measurements and observations in the Manchurian and Korean regions in 1709 and 1710. He was accompanied by father Jean-Baptiste Regis (1664-1738), Father Pierre Jartoux (1669-1720) and Erhernberg Xavier Fridelli (1643-1743) While in Korea the team was under constant surveillance. The Tartar lord was however given a map, and father Jean-Baptiste Regis produced a map that came out in the Kangxi atlas and was than used and edited by d'Anville and published in 1735 in du Halde (description de la Chine) and as "Royaume de Coree" (atlas de la Chine 1737). Du Halde was a French Jesuit, and geographer of Paris.
Despite the broadening of the southern part of the peninsula, this map was in the main accurate and was widely copied in the next 150 years (McCune 1977 and Korea through western cartographic eyes - www.cartography.henny-savenije.pe.kr/frenchcartography.htm ).

Jean Baptiste Bourguignon d'Anville
was perhaps the most important and prolific cartographer of the 18th century. He engraved his first map at the age of fifteen and produced many maps of high quality throughout his career. He became the finest cartographer of his time and carried on the French school of cartography developed by the Sanson and the de L'Isle families.
Although he apparently never left the city of Paris, he had access to the reports and maps of French explorers, traders, and missionaries. During his long career he accumulated a large collection of cartographic materials that has been preserved. He was particularly interested in Asia and produced the first reasonably accurate map of China in 1735.
He became Royal Geographer and Cartographer to the King of France in the middle of the eighteenth century, at a time when French cartography was still considered to be the best in the world.
He was the successor to Guillaume Delisle as the chief proponent of scientific cartography, and his influence on his contemporaries was profound.

To illustrate the cartography of the middle to latter part of the eighteenth century a d'Anville map is essential. He was foremost in using the latest and most accurate cartographic information available. From the latest discoveries of the many French explorers to information available from explorers such as Cook and others. And unlike many cartographers of the day, he was not adverse to leave blank spaces in his maps, where knowledge was insufficient.

R.V. Tooley write : "D'Anville was the finest cartographer of his time, his attention to detail was exemplary, his maps having a great delicacy of engraving".

Thomas Basset and Philip Porter write: "It was because of D'Anville's resolve to depict only those features which could be proven to be true that his maps are often said to represent a scientific reformation in cartography." (The Journal of African History, Vol. 32, No. 3 (1991), pp. 367-413).

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Author: Paulus Swaen ©2017